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List of Projects

DUDGEON, Philip Maurice

Born: 1852
Died: 1891 01


FRIBA 1884.

Was born in Ireland at Lime Hill farm, St Duloughs, Dublin. He was apprenticed to Sir Charles Lanyon of Lanyon, Lynn & Lanyon of Dublin and Belfast from 1867 until 1872 when the firm was dissolved. In 1870 his mother was recorded as living in Bath, England continuing to do so until 1877. Dudgeon, remaining in Ireland, was invited to join WH Lynn as manager and chief assistant, leaving in 1875. He travelled for a year before going to Natal, where he arrived in January 1877. According to his application for Fellowship of the RIBA (1884) he 'proceeded to Natal for erection of large Government Hospital'; it is not certain that he came immediately to Natal as he is known to have spent some time in Port Elizabeth where he possibly heard there was work in Natal while in that city. Coming to Natal it appears that he first worked with or in the office of RS UPTON, both Upton and he playing a part, with CH JENKYN, in the design of Addington Hospital for the Natal Government. On the completion of the hospital, however, Dudgeon was said to have been the architect.

Dudgeon fast gained a good reputation as an architect, the best-trained in the Colony on his arrival, and carried out several works for the Natal Government and for the Durban Town Council while he was in Natal. Leading businessmen and citizens also soon gave him work, among them the Shepstone family and Harry Escombe. Dudgeon's ten years in Natal left a lasting impression on local architecture and among his best-known works surviving today are the Standard Bank building in Pietermaritzburg (1881-1882), the town hall (now the post office) in Durban (1882-1885) and Clark House for Maritzburg College in Pietermaritzburg (1886-1888). In his (1884) application papers for Fellowship of the RIBA he claims the Legislative Council Building as having been part of his work experience. Hillebrand points out that since Dudgeon drew up the competition conditions for the building (in 1881) it is 'therefore possible that he was expected to refrain from entering' (the competition) (Hillebrand 1975:56). It has been suggested that W STREET-WILSON assumed Dudgeon's practice on Dudgeon's departure for England.

Dudgeon appears to have been bon viveur and fond of horse racing, popular in Natal; it is possible that he left Natal for health reasons. Sometime after July 1887 Dudgeon returned to England, settling in Bath where he married in 1889 (to Ada Gunning in Widcombe Church) and died a year and a half later, in January 1891, 'from alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver, ascites and internal haemorrhage' (Martin 1980:38). A full description and critique of Dudgeon's career and work can be found in Martin's M Arch dissertation (1980).

(De Arte Sep 1985:34-41; Greig 1971; Hillebrand 1975:169; Kearney 1973; Martin 1980; SAQLB Mar 1982; Picton-Seymour 1977)

All truncated references not fully cited in 'References' are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

List of projects

With photographs
With notes

Addington Hospital: 1877 : 1892 : c1925. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect 1877
Alexandra Hotel: 1878. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Alexandra Park Pavilion: 1882. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Alms Houses: 1882. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Atkin's and Fradd store: 1880. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Bank of Africa: 1882. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Barnes and McFie Butchery: 1881. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Butchery for HJ May: 1879. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Club House, Natal Club: 1884. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Convent School: 1881. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Edward Snell & Co store: 1881. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Gaol: 1878. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Gaol: 1878. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
General Post Office: 1881 - 1885. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Harvey Greenacre, veranda: 1882. Central, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
House CA Muller: 1880. Berea, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
House Dudgeon: 1882. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
House Harry Escombe: 1881. Bay View, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
House HC Shepstone (Shepstone House) Maritzburg College: 1885. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
House Samuel Crowder: 1881. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
House Theophilus Shepstone, Parkside Villa, now house of Administrator of Natal: 1885. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
House, adds, Bellair: 1884. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
James & Hitchens Warehouse, Point: 1881. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Jameson & Co, offices and store: 1880. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Legislative Council Buildings: 1881. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Lunatic Asylum for Natal Government, Town Hill: 1878. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Maritzburg College, Clark House: 1885. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Masonic Temple for St John's Lodge: 1882. Kokstad, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Memorial Hall and Library: 1879. Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Natal Bank: 1880. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Payne Bros Store: 1884. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Presbyterian Church: 1880. Addington, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Randles Bros and Hudson warehouse: 1881. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Royal Hotel: 1879 : 1894 : 1928. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect 1879
St Joseph's Catholic Church: c1878. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Project Architect
Standard Bank: 1878. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Standard Bank: 1878. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Standard Bank Pietermaritzburg: 1880. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Town Hall - First: 1882 - 1885. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Town Offices, add storey: 1882. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Victoria Club: 1879 : 1895 : c1923 : 1936. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect 1879
Villa: 1885. Berea, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Wesleyan Church: 1880. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Wheeler & Co store: 1880. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect

Books citing DUDGEON

Brown, SM. 1969. Architects and others: an annotated list of people of South African interest appearing in the RIBA Journal 1880-1925. Johannesburg: Unpublished dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand. pp

Greig, Doreen. 1971. A Guide to Architecture in South Africa. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pp 51, 105, 177-178

Martin, Marilyn H. 1980. Philip Maurice Dudgeon, architect: his work in Natal during period 1877-1888 seen against his background of Victorian Britain and Natal. Johannesburg: Unpublished MArch. thesis University of the Witwatersrand. pp All

Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pp 132, 133, 136, 138, 141

Radford, D. 2002. A Guide to the Architecture of Durban and Pietermaritzburg. Cape Town: David Philip. pp 7, 101, 113, 114