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Barkly East district, Eastern Cape

Client:SA Kleynhans


As South African properties go, Mr. S. A. Kleynhans's farm, Locksley, with its 665 morgen (569.44Ha), situated 6 miles (9.66km) from Barkly East, is not a large one, but it boasts a record of which any sheep farmer might well be proud, and Mr. Kleynhans has made sheep farming his business since he was 16 years of age. Only about 12 acres (4.86Ha) are cultivated, because Mr. Kleynhans devotes the greater part of his energies to sheep; and he runs upon Locksley, and upon a companion farm of 300 morgen (256.89Ha), which closely adjoins it, a flock of 1,600 Rambouillet and Vermont Merinos, separate from which is a stud flock of 450, all purebred, and owing much to 12 rams and 10 ewes, carefully selected in the United States and imported direct by Mr. Kleynhans, with the help of the well-known importer Mr. H. E. Cook.

Foremost among the imported rams is Uriah, bred by the famous Ohio breeders, Uriah Cook & Sons. This magnificent animal, which had a fleece of 39¾ lbs (18kg). as a twelve months' growth, is of the Vermont class, and took the first prize for imported Vermont rams, and champion ram on show at Barkly East, 1911. Ringleader Junior is another useful ram, bred by A. T. Gamber, and undefeated as a yearling in his class in America. He was the sire of Onward, which took four championships in America, and was sold in South Africa for £150 sterling, and also of Ringleader II., which is still in Mr. Kleynhans's stud, and was awarded first prize as imported fine wool ram at the Barkly East Shows, 1910 and 1911. These rams are supplemented by a fifth, Governor Hughes, which is another Vermont ram, bred by D. K. Bell in 1908. In the Rambouillet line there are five carefully selected stud rams.

Mr. Kleynhans has some magnificent pure-bred ewes at Locksley, among which is Humphrey's Pet, bred by himself, and awarded the following prizes: first prize as robust wool ewe at Elliot Show, 1905; first prize as Vermont ewe at Aliwal North, 1905; one first and two championships at Barkly East, 1905 and 1906; first prize at Aliwal North, 1906; a silver cup at Barkly Show, 1908; first prize, 1910 and 1911, for South African-bred ewe. Girly is an imported Vermont ewe, which was awarded first prize and championship at Elliot, 1905; first prize, Aliwal North; first prize and championship as imported Vermont ewe, at Barkly East, 1905; first prize and championship at Barkly East, 1908; first prize as robust wool ewe, 1910; and first prize in 1911 at Barkly East. Another group of three imported ewes did very well for Mr. Kleynhans at Barkly East in 1910 and 1911. First in this group is the imported Class A Merino, Daisy (which carried off a first and championship in both years as imported Vermont ewe); second comes Gamber's Model, an imported Class B Merino, which won a first prize as fine wool ewe, 1911; third is Eager's Pet, an imported Vermont ewe, which was awarded second prize as imported Vermont ewe, 1911, and was only beaten by Daisy. Another useful group of stud ewes includes both imported and South African-bred animals, but all are pure-bred, and Mr. Kleynhans can prove the pedigree of the whole of his stud flock.

He has some lambs on the farm which are full of promise for the future of the flock. One is a ram lamb by Ringleader II. ex Girly, for which he refused £50 at four months. A ewe lamb with the same sire, but with Daisy for its dam, is another promising animal, and a third is another ewe lamb, but from South African stock, and awarded a gold medal for the best lamb on show at Barkly East, 1911.

Although sheep are Mr. Kleynhans's chief object, he has a few Afrikander cattle, eight of which (including two bulls) are pure-bred, and he is not crossing at all. Then he has some good horses by a cross-bred stallion, whose sire was a pure-bred Arab and the dam Colonial-bred. Some of his prizes for sheep have already been mentioned, but the summary of his prizes is almost overwhelming. For sheep and cattle combined Mr. Kleynhans took 22 prizes in 1907, 32 in 1908, 27 in 1910, and 36 in 1911 at Barkly East; he has taken first prize at Barkly East and Aliwal North for ponies bred by himself; and at Elliot, in 1907, he carried off seven out of eight prizes for sheep.

The farm is entirely fenced, and is divided into four paddocks, and the supply of running water is abundant. A little tree-planting has been done, but the land is mountain veld, and although it has no flats the grass is- excellent. The homestead and stables are of brick, and there are three stone and brick sheds.

The following are the pedigree rams possessed by Mr. Kleynhans; L. W. Shaw, No. 33, recorded number 34,777; P.A.R., No. 280, recorded number 34,985; A. Orth, No. 70, recorded number 20,604; Van Metor Brs., No. 73, recorded number 27,868; and Bernadine II., bred by A. E. Moore, of Michigan. All these are Rambouillet pure breds.

[Playne, Somerset FRGS (Ed). 1911:559-564]

Writings about this entry

Playne, Somerset (Compiler & Editor). 1910-1911. Cape Colony (Cape Province) : Its history, commerce, industries, and resources. London / Cape Town: The Foreign Compiling and Publishing Company / JC Juta. pg 559-564
Smit, AP (Ed). 1973. Ligglans oor die berge : eeufeesgedenkboek Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk en gemeenskap, Barkly-Oos, 1873-1973. Barkly East: Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerkraad van Barkly-Oos met die medewerking van die Plaaslike Stadsraad. pg 279