Bophuthatswana (meaning gathering of the Tswana people), officially the Republic of Bophuthatswana (Tswana: Repaboleki ya Bophuthatswana; Afrikaans: Republiek van Bophuthatswana) was a Bantustan under the South African Apartheid Government – an area set aside for members of a specific ethnicity – and nominal parliamentary democracy in the northwestern region of South Africa. Mmabatho was its seat of government.

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