The term 'butabu' derives from a local tongue which describes the process of moistening earth with water in preparation for building. Complex earthen structures, having a remarkable diversity of form and originality and many of them massive, have, for many centuries, been built in the Sahel region of western Africa, an area encompassing parts of Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Togo, Benin, Ghana, and Burkina Faso. Examples are the Friday Mosque in Djenne, Mali, the largest earthen building in the world; the towering Friday Mosque in Agadez, Niger; and the iconic Djinguereber Mosque in Timbuktu, Mali.

Buildings on this website in Butabu style