Architecture parlante, the French term for an "architecture that speaks", is architecture that explains its own function or identity. The phrase was originally associated with Claude Nicolas Ledoux, and was extended to other Paris-trained architects of the Revolutionary period, Étienne-Louis Boullée, and Jean-Jacques Lequeu. (See Wikipedia). The concept was brought to the South African shores by their contemporaries Louis Michel THIBAULT, and perpetuated in the works by Charles Collier MICHELL. Its use as a device manifests in various style episodes such as Art Deco, and more recently in Post-Modernism.