'Adaptive reuse' refers to the process of reusing an old site or building for a purpose other than that for which it was designed or built.
Article 21 of the Burra Charter' [See Burra Charter] refers specifically adaptation of heritage resource:
21.1 Adaptation is acceptable only where the adaptation has minimal impact on the cultural significance of the place.
21.2 Adaptation should involve minimal change to significant fabric, achieved only after considering alternatives.
Adaptation may involve the introduction of new services, or a new use, or changes to safeguard the place.In South African terms, 'adaptation'
is the modifying a place for a compatible use. Adaptation is appropriate where the original use cannot be maintained, and where the adaptation does not substantially detract from its cultural significance.