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Author:Fisher, RC; Le Roux, SW & Maré, E (Eds)
Title:Architecture of the Transvaal

Architecture of the Transvaal is a seminal collection of writings by twelve South African architectural critics, each knowledgeable in his or her field of interest, on the rich and diverse heritage of the built environment of the region. It also presents an overview of the architectural heritage of South Africa. Many of the high-quality black-and-white illustrations appear here for the first time.

The Transvaal, the name given to the region covered in these essays, in the history of the subcontinent is of short duration - a colonial invention - yet it does coincide with a geographic area straddling the Tropic of Capricorn, bound by the Vaal River to the south, the Limpopo River to the north, the Kalahari Desert to the west and Mozambique to the east. The area has a specific climate -temperate to hot summers with rains usually delivered in dramatic rolling thunderstorms, the winters warm and sunny and dry by day yet with night temperatures of around zero degrees Celsius and below with heavy frost. There is also a characteristic vegetation -tawny grasslands with bushveld scrub on the highveld changing to semi-arid desert in the west and subtropical humidity on the lowveld below the Drakensberg escarpment to the east.

It is also the geographic area from which most of the architectural students come, from which most of the architects of the region graduate - from the Universities of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria - and in which most of the graduates practise. While following international trends, the architecture of the region is distinctive, reflecting home-grown interpretations, responding to the particular circumstances of the region, be they cultural, ideological, political, pragmatic, climatic or merely convenient.

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Chapters/Entries in this book

onePre-lndustrial Architecture: Historical Patterns of Distribution

Frescura, Franco1
twoFrom Trekboer to Builder: Pioneer Builders: Materials, Techniques, Traditions, Types

Labuschagne, Elize25
threeKerkplaats and Capitalists: The First Architects in Context

Holm, Dieter55
fourThe Baker School: A Continuing Tradition 1902-1940

Keath, Michael79
fiveThe Transvaal Mosque: Towards a Theory of Precedent

Le Roux, Schalk99
sixThe Third Vernacular: Pretoria Regionalism — Aspects of an Emergence

Fisher, Roger C123
sevenPreparing for Apartheid: Pretoria and Johannesburg

Chipkin, Clive M149
eightHouses for Pretoria: An Appreciation of the Houses of the 1950s by Hellmut Stauch

Peters, Walter175
nineFrom Brazil to Pretoria: The Second Wave of the Modern Movement

Gerneke, Gus197
tenRevisions of the Modern: The End of the International Style in the Transvaal

Cooke, Julian231
elevenErecting Capital Icons: High-Rise Buildings in the Transvaal

Brittan, Philip & van Wyk, Gary253
twelvePhiladelphia - Pretoria: An Assessment of Louis Kahn's Influence

Maré, Estelle A279

Buildings linked to this book

Church Square, 1910, Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 61, 137
City Hall, 1933 - 1935, Bloemfontein, Free State. pp 82
Downing Mansions, 1932, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 82
Gereformeerde Kerk, 1959, Potchefstroom, North West. pp 145 ill 6.16
Greenwood House, c1951, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 134, 141 ill 6.2; 6.5, 142 ill 6.6
Groote Schuur Hospital, 1932, Cape Town, Western Cape. pp 129
Hakahana - House Stauch, c1959, Kameeldrift, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 179, 182, 183, 184, 186, 190 ills
Hoër Seunskool Helpmekaar Boys High School, 1926 : 1945 : pre 1956, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 87
House McIntosh, 1936-7, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 124
House Millin, 1909, Parktown, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 86
House Preller (Dombeya), 1960's, Hartbeespoort, North West. pp 142 ill 6.9
House Steyn, 1938, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 177
House Winkley, 1944-1945, Villieria, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 180, 191 ills
Jeppe High School for Boys, 1906, Jeppestown, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 85
Jumu'ah Masjid (Jooma Masgid) Mosque, Kerk Street Mosque (Second), 1918, Central, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 110-111
Jumu'ah Masjid - Kerk Street Mosque, 1991, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 110-111
Kleinteater - Little Theatre, 1961, Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 134, 142 ill 6.8
Land Bank, 1941, Potchefstroom, North West. pp 135
Mahlamba Ndlopfu (was Libertas), 1940, Bryntirion, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 139
Meat Board Building, 1952, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 216-217, 224 ill
Michaelhouse School, 1901, Balgowan, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 84
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, 1922, Mkhondo (Piet Retief), Mpumalanga. pp 144 ill 6.13
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk Irene, 1932, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 85
Netherlands Bank - Second, 1896, Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 129
Netherlands' Bank: Bank of Netherlands - Nedbank, 1953, Pretoria Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 130
Oliver Tambo House (was Over-Vaal), 1937, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 83
Onderstepoort Veterinary Sciences Research Station, 1908, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 87
Palace of Justice, 1898, Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 54 ill, 65, 76 ill
Park Station : Second Main Station, 1932, Central, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 82, 138
Polleys Arcade - Wachthuis, 1959, Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 122 ill, 134
Post Office, c1938, Krugersdorp, Gauteng. pp 128
President Kruger's house, 1883, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 66
Pretoria Boys' High School, 1909, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 86
Queen Street Mosque, 1928, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 111-112, 120 ill
Raadsaal, 1889, Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 64
Railway Station, n.d., Benoni, Gauteng. pp 87
Railway Station, n.d., Germiston, Gauteng. pp 87
Railway Station, n.d., Braamfontein, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 87
Railway Station - Second, 1918, Potchefstroom, North West. pp 87
Railway Station, Main, 1908 : 1928, Central, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 82, 86, 87
Rand Water Board Building, 1925-1926, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 82
Reserve Bank, 1938 : n.d., Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 82
Roedean School, 1904, Parktown, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 84
School of Mines, 1938, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 82
Second Corner House, 1895, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 70
St Alban's Church, 1927, Ferreirasdorp, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 84
St Andrew's College, 1898, Makhanda (Grahamstown), Eastern Cape. pp 84
St Anne's College, 1902, Hilton, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 84
St George's Home for Boys, 1920, Cleveland, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 84
St John's College, 1907 : 1913 : 1933 : 1937, Houghton, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 84
St Mary's Cathedral, 1922, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 84
Staatsmodel School, 1897, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 65, 127
State Gymnasium, 1898, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 65
Strijdom Monument, 1972, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 218-219; 223 ill.
Technical College, 1926, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 82
Town Hall, 1911, Boksburg, Gauteng. pp 85
Town Hall, 1923, Brakpan, Gauteng. pp 83
Town Hall, 1933, Germiston, Gauteng. pp 83
Tshilidzini Hospital, early 1970s, Thohoyandou, Limpopo. pp 143 ill 6.10; 6.11
Union Buildings, 1909-1913, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 86
University of Cape Town, 1916, Cape Town, Western Cape. pp 85
University of Pretoria Transvaal University College Building (Ou Lettere Gebou / Old Arts Building), 1911, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 86
University of Pretoria, Aula and Rautenbach Hall, 1958, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 196 ill, 226 ill
University of Pretoria, Merensky Library, 1933, Hillcrest, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 146 ill 6.18
Voortrekker Monument, 1938-1949, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 82
Voortrekkers' Gedenksaal - Memorial Hall, c1930, Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng. pp 146 ill 6.19; 6.20
War Memorial, 1921, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 85
YWCA, 1917, Johannesburg, Gauteng. pp 86

People or firms linked to this book

STAUCH, Hellmut Wilhem Ernst. pp 128, 175-196, 214, 215, 216