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Mowbray, Cape Town, Western Cape
"In the time of the earliest European settlement at the Cape, the provision of building lime became a matter of urgent necessity and in 1653 Jan van Riebeeck erected his first lime-kiln.
"Lime-kilns with Inverted funnel chimney: The most usual method of providing greater draught for a coal-fired kiln (kooloondjie) was to build on top of the cylindrical kiln a tall chimney in the form of an inverted funnel or a truncated cone.
"Three such kilns existed at Mowbray, before they were demolished to make way for a garage.
"Each kiln had a distinctively shaped chimney indicating that they were built at different times.
"The two with inverted funnel chimneys probably started life as open cylinders to which chimneys were added.
"The kiln with the truncated cone chimney was most likely built in that form and was later than the others.
"Each kiln had a door at the base of the chimney and immediately above the top of the cylinder.
"The kilns were filled through these openings, which were then bricked up and sealed before firing, as may be seen in the photograph.
"Several early Cape lime-kilns have survived or photographs of them have been preserved."
(Saartjie Klipkop, posted on Artefacts.co.za FB page)
[Walton 1987:31 (republished on VASA website)]
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