Contact Artefacts
please if you have any comments or more information regarding this record.

List of Projects


Born: 1864 09 11
Died: 1890 06 15


Charles Carmichael was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, on 11 September 1864, the second of the four sons and seven children of George Carmichael, bank agent and his wife Mary. He was educated at Aberdeen Grammar School attending from 1876-1879.

In the following year he was articled in the office of John Russell Mackenzie and Duncan McMillan. After John Russell Mackenzie was declared bankrupt in 1883 he moved to the office of Matthews & Mackenzie and remained with them until his departure for Johannesburg. In 1886 Carmichael was associated with Dr James Cooper in the founding of the Aberdeen Ecclesiological Society. During that period Carmichael measured and sketched extensively in Scotland and the north of England, with forays to Belgium in Spring 1886 and northern Italy in 1888.

In the mid 1880s he emigrated to South Africa. Some sources suggest that he followed his former employer to South Africa but it seems more likely as stated in his obituary that he followed some of his 'fellow-townsmen who had established themselves in Johannesburg'. The townsmen may well have invited him to join them along with two of his contemporaries, Charles MURRAY and William M PHILIP, both engineers. Carmichael formed a partnership with Murray and Philip shortly after his arrival in South Africa (PHILIP, CARMICHAEL & MURRAY) who were involved in designing the Law Chambers in Church Square, Pretoria from 1890 and completed posthumously in 1893.

Carmichael died intestate in Johannesburg, South Africa 15 June 1890. His estate was deponed to his younger brother William John Carmichael who was a medical student at that time. A memorial window to Charles was erected in Aberdeen. Most of his work was described as 'domestic buildings of a very good class'.

There is also a listing of this practitioner on the Dictionary of Scottish Architects.

List of projects

With photographs
With notes

Transvaal Mortgage Loan and Finance Co Building: 1889. Tshwane (Pretoria), Gauteng - Architect

Books citing CARMICHAEL

Meiring, Hannes. 1980. Pretoria 125. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau. pp 65