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List of Projects

PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT

Established: 1912

Architect


DEPARTEMENT PUBLIEKE/OPENBARE WERKE

Before the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910, public works activities in the four colonies were organised broadly as follows:

Cape Colony. The Secretary for Public Works was the permanent head of the department, which was also responsible for the irrigation and lighthouses and for the supervision of main roads. Incumbents were GH FOWKE (1902-4), RN HARVEY (1905) and Charles MURRAY (1906-10) the Scottish poet, who was retained at the head of the Union’s Public Works Department until formally appointed Secretary in 1912.

Transvaal. The designation of the permanent head of the department, which also controlled roads and bridges, was Chief Engineer and Secretary.

Orange River Colony. The Director of Public Works was the permanent head of the department which also had roads, bridges and irrigation under its control.

Natal. The Surveyor-General was for some time responsible for public works, roads and bridges, which were subsequently entrusted to the Department of the Attorney-General. The designation of the head of the department which dealt with them was Chief Engineer and Secretary.

At the establishment of the Union all public works and other property owned by the four colonies were vested in the Governor-General-in-Council. The control over all these government buildings and also over all bridges connecting two provinces (previously colonies) was assigned to a Public Works Department which had been created especially for that purpose.

In the course of time control over provincial and certain other government buildings was transferred to the respective provincial administrations and the departments of state concerned, including Forestry and, later, Community Development. Since 1 April 1968 the Department of Posts and Telegraphs has been responsible for its own accommodation requirements. The Department of Public Works, however, undertakes the planning and arranged for the erection of all new buildings costing more than R20 000, on a recoverable basis, for the Department of Posts and Telegraphs, which is responsible for providing sites. The more important functions of the Department of Public Works are the provision, allocation and maintenance of and control over the effective utilisation of accommodation for the government departments (including offices and residences for the Republic’s consular and diplomatic missions abroad). This entails responsibility for the design, planning and construction of public buildings; of certain university campuses and technical colleges; of interprovincial bridges (excepting those on national and special roads); of buildings for the Defence Department, including hospitals and highly technical buildings; of terminal buildings at airports; of prestige residences; and of certain State-subsidised bodies such as museums, art galleries, State libraries and zoological gardens. The department also undertakes the maintenance of certain historic buildings and renders financial assistance to certain bodies responsible for the maintenance of monuments and war graves. Furthermore, it leases accommodation required for State purposes and also furnishes all State-owned and hired accommodation as well as prestige residences in the Republic and abroad.

In addition, the administration of the Acts governing the engineers’, architects’ and quantity surveyors’ professions and functions concerning the Building and Construction Advisory Council are undertaken by the Department. South African buildings, installations and monuments abroad are also the responsibility of the department.

Secretaries of Public Works have been: Charles MURRAY (1912-24), OW STATEN (1925-31), JA MacPHAIL (1931-32), JS CLELAND (1932-39), CA CILLIERS (1939-40), TAF RHODES (1940-46), AA EALS (1946-54), Karel ROOD (1955-66), J DRIESSEN (1966-69), A HOWARD (1969- ).

[Anon. Public Works, Department of. in Potgieter, DA (Ed in Chief). 1973. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa (SESA). Cape Town: Nasou. Volume 9: pp. 183-184]

All truncated references not fully cited in 'References' are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

List of projects

With photographs
With notes


Addington Children's Hospital - KZN Children's Hospital: 1931. Addington, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Appeal Court: 1929. Bloemfontein, Free State - Architect
Benoni High School - now Willowmoore High: 1922 : 1934. Benoni, Gauteng - Architect
Bridge over the Great Fish River - Boy Retief Bridge: 1956. Port Alfred, Eastern Cape - Architect
Bridge over the Komati River (Stoltz Bridge): 1967. Carolina, Mpumalanga - Architect
Bridge over the Spekboom River (Schalk Burger Bridge): 1964. Mashishing (Lydenburg), Mpumalanga - Architect
Butterworth Public School - Butterworth High School: 1911. Butterworth, Eastern Cape - Architect
Court House: 1914. Heidelberg, Gauteng - Architect
Court of Appeal: 1929. Bloemfontein, Free State - Architect
Deeds Office: 1933. Qonce (King William's Town), Eastern Cape - Architect
Fever Hospital: n.d.. Braamfontein, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Free State Psychiatric Complex: n.d.. Bloemfontein, Free State - Architect
GaMothle - was Bantu Affairs Commissioner: 1932. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
Gcuwa River Road Bridge: 1944. Butterworth, Eastern Cape - Engineer
General Post Office: c1940. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Government Buildings - Third Raadzaal - National Museum of Afrikaans Literature: 1875 : 1895 : 1906 : 1911. Bloemfontein, Free State - Architect 1911
Government Printing Works: 1896 : 1932. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
Groote Schuur Hospital: 1932. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Groote Schuur Hospital Children's Ward: 1932. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Gunner's Mess, South African Mounted Riflemen Barracks: 1915. Mthatha, Eastern Cape - Architect
Havenga Bridge: 1934-1935. Petrusville, Northern Cape - Engineer
Hoër Seunskool Helpmekaar Boys High School: 1926 : 1945 : 1956. Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect 1926
Hospital: 1924. Cathcart, Eastern Cape - Architect
Hospital: pre-1921. Fort Beaufort, Eastern Cape - Architect
Hospital: pre-1921. Montagu, Western Cape - Architect
Hospital: pre-1921. Riversdale, Western Cape - Architect
Hospital: 1939. Standerton, Mpumalanga - Architect
ISCOR Office Block: c1915. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
Iziko South African National Gallery: 1930. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Kraai Bridge: n.d.. Barkly East, Eastern Cape - Architect
Law Courts: 1934. Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth), Eastern Cape - Architect
Law Courts: 1910. Central, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Magistrate's Court: 1925. Cathcart, Eastern Cape - Architect
Magistrate's Court: 1934. Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth), Eastern Cape - Architect
Magistrate's Court: pre 1934. Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth), Eastern Cape - Architect
Magistrates Court: 1941?. Heidelberg, Gauteng - Architect
Magistrates Offices: n.d.. Zeerust, North West - Architect
Magistrates' Court: 1920. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Main Post Office - Jeppe Street: 1933-1935. Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Mental Hospital: n.d.. Bloemfontein, Free State - Architect
Mount Road Power Station: 1931. Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth), Eastern Cape - Architect
NCO's Mess for 40 Men, South African Mounted Riflemen Barracks: 1915. Mthatha, Eastern Cape - Architect
New Magazine, South African Mounted Riflemen Barracks: 1915. Mthatha, Eastern Cape - Architect
North End Swimming Baths : 1930. North End, Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth), Eastern Cape - Architect
Old Arts Building - University of Pretoria: 1911. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
Olievenhuis - Governor General's Residence, now Art Museum: 1941. Bloemfontein, Free State - Architect
Oliver Tambo International Airport: 1960s. Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Ou Lettere gebou - University of Pretoria: 1911. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
P.E.M. Health Centre: 1930. North End, Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth), Eastern Cape - Architect
Parktown Boys' High School: 1922. Parktown, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Parktown High School for Girls - Main Building: c1922. Parkview, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Police Station: n.d.. Port Alfred, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1938 ?. Alberton, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1937. Balfour, Mpumalanga - Architect
Post Office: 1938. Balfour, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1920. Berlin, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1935 ?. Bethulie, Free State - Architect
Post Office: 1934 ?. Brakpan, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1933. Burgersdorp, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1940. Caledon, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1934. Calvinia, Northern Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1935. Cathcart, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1937 ?. Coligny, North West - Architect
Post Office: 1938. Dordrecht, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1925. East London, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1920 ?. Vincent, East London, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1930. Southernwood, East London, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1938 ?. Elliotdale, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1934. eShowe, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Post Office: 1935 ?. Estcourt, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Post Office: 1937 ?. Florida, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1937. Fouriesburg, Free State - Architect
Post Office: 1948. George, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1934 ?. Germiston, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1938. Gordon's Bay, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1935. Greylingstad, Mpumalanga - Architect
Post Office: 1938. Groblershoop, Northern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1939 ?. Halfway House, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1940. Heidelberg, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1940. Irene, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: c1938. Parkview, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1936. Kalk Bay, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1936 ?. Kokstad, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Post Office: c1938. Krugersdorp, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1936. Lusikisiki, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1930. Malmesbury, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1938. Margate, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Post Office: c1935. Memel, Free State - Architect
Post Office: 1934. Muizenberg, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1937. Ngqeleni, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1937. Noordhoek, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1959. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1936-37. Paarl, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1936. Parys, Free State - Architect
Post Office: 1939. Petrusville, Northern Cape - Architect
Post Office: c1938. Port St John's, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1937. Qumbu, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1940. Randfontein, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1936. Reddersburg, Free State - Architect
Post Office: 1937 ?. Riebeek East, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1937 ?. Roodepoort, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1937. Sabie, Mpumalanga - Architect
Post Office: 1920. Somerset East, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1938 ?. Springs, Gauteng - Architect
Post Office: 1937. St James, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1938. Tsomo, Eastern Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1934 ?. Tzaneen, Limpopo - Architect
Post Office: 1937. uMhlali, KwaZulu-Natal - Architect
Post Office: 1937 ?. Vaalwater, Limpopo - Architect
Post Office: 1939. Vrede, Free State - Architect
Post Office: 1938. Winburg, Free State - Architect
Post Office and Telephone Exchange: n.d.. Queenstown, Eastern Cape - Architect
Privates' Canteen, South African Mounted Riflemen Barracks: 1914. Mthatha, Eastern Cape - Architect
Road Bridge over the Kowie River - Henry Putt Bridge: 1989. Port Alfred, Eastern Cape - Engineer
Road Bridge over the Orange River - General Hertzog Bridge: 1935-1937. Aliwal North, Eastern Cape - Engineer
Rosebank Telephone Exchange: n.d.. Rosebank, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
State Library: 1937-1940. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
Totius School: 1951 : 1955 : 1961. Bellville, Western Cape - Architect 1955 : 1961
University of Fort Hare, Henderson Hall : 1942. Alice, Eastern Cape - Architect
University of Fort Hare, Stewart Hall: 1919. Alice, Eastern Cape - Architect
University of Pretoria Transvaal University College Building (Ou Lettere Gebou / Old Arts Building): 1911. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
University of Pretoria, Communication Pathology Building: 1930. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
University of Pretoria, Student Affairs Building: 1915. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect
Village Hall and Library: 1923 : 1965. Irene, Gauteng - Architect
Weskoppies Psychiatric Hospital: 1892 : 1907. Pretoria, Gauteng - Architect 1907
Westlake Technical High School: 1968. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Wool Exchange: n.d.. Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth), Eastern Cape - Architect

Books citing PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT

Bakker, Karel A, Clarke, Nicholas J. 2014. Eclectic ZA Wilhelmiens : A shared Dutch built heritage in South Africa. Pretoria: Visual Books. pp 87, 88

Fisher, Roger & Clarke, Nicholas. 2014. Architectural Guide : South Africa. Berlin: DOM Publishers. pp 12

Greig, Doreen. 1971. A Guide to Architecture in South Africa. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pp 100