LRIBA (1910); CPIA (1927); ISAA (1927); FRIBA (1933).
An architect who practised in Cape Town on his own account from 1909; he was in partnership with FK KENDALL in Cape Town from about 1916 until 1924 (cf KENDALL & MORRIS). Morris was born in Dunfermline, the third son of Dr James Morris, and was educated in Scotland. He was articled to A Scobie in Dunfermline from 1895 until 1899 when he went to work in Edinburgh in 1899, receiving 'sound practical training in construction' (LRIBA nom papers 1910) from 1899 to 1902 in the office of Hippolyte Blanc. Here Morris worked as an Improver for a year, and for a further year as a junior assistant. On two occasions, in the absence of the chief draughtsman, he was in charge of the office.
Morris came to South Africa in 1902. He worked in G RANSOME's office, Cape Town, until 1903 when he joined the office of BAKER & MASEY. According to Morris, during the whole of his time with this firm he was chief draughtsman, preparing all drawings and supervising the firm's most important buildings. In 1906 Morris travelled overseas specifically to study the cathedral cities of Northern France in preparation for the work on the new St George's Cathedral, Cape Town. He left this office in 1909 to set up practice on his own account in Cape Town. A few years later (1916) he joined FK Kendall in partnership (cf BAKER, KENDALL & MORRIS). On Baker's final withdrawal from South Africa in December 1918 the firm became known as KENDALL & MORRIS from January 1919. In 1924 Morris travelled in England, Italy, France and Holland and in September 1925 the partnership of Kendall & Morris was dissolved, both partners carrying on practice on their own accounts in Cape Town.
Morris won the competition for what is probably his best-known building: the Reserve Bank Building in Cape Town (1926) for which in 1932 he was awarded the Bronze Medal by the Cape Provincial Institute of Architects. He applied for Fellowship of the RIBA in 1933, proposed by WJ McWILLIAMS who said he had known Morris since 1913, adding 'the South African Reserve Bank (CT) is generally considered one of the finest pieces of architecture in this Union ... a very excellent rendering of Florentine Renaissance' (FRIBA nom papers 1933, J Morris). Another work of this period and one for which he was mainly responsible was the design and construction of the Cape Technical College (1926). He was also responsible for a number of Provincial schools, shops and factories in and around Cape Town and the restoration of the Drostdy at Tulbagh after the fire of 1934.
He married Jessie Stapleton 23 July 1914 and had three children. They lived in Wynberg at Hillcote, Riverstone Road for most of his life and is recorded as still of this address in 1959 when recorded as a retired member of the Cape Institute. He died in Cape Town.
(AB&E Apr 1928:8, 9 ill; AB&E Aug 1933:23; Rennie 1978b; LRIBA nom papers (1910) 213; FRIBA nom papers 1933 (3114); SAAR Dec1925:105; SAAR Apr 1933:88; SAWW 1927/28; SESA 7:542; WHK 1933, 1934)
Publ: Colour in architecture, paper read at a meeting of the Cape Institute of Architects, Afr Archt Jan 1912:162-4
Morris's LRIBA papers (1910) list the following works executed before 1910 while with BAKER & MASEY: St George's Cathedral; Mansion and stables for Abe Bailey, Muizenberg; House R Stuttaford, Kenilworth; block of offices for S Marks, Parliament St; Nat Mut Insr Co Bldg of Australasia, Church St, CT; RC Church, Paarl; Bishop's Court, alts, CT; House Sir Lewis Michell: Edingight, adds, Rondebosch, CT; Dr LS Jameson, adds, Westbrook, Rondebosch; Exhibition for Western Province Agricultural Society.
The following buildings, listed in Morris's FRIBA nom papers (1933), pre-date 1933: Robertson Girls' H/S; Robertson Training Inst; Tarkastad P/S; Carnarvon P/S and School Boarding House; Rochester Rd Schools; Houses in Cape Town for Albert Ritter, George H Grey, Frank F Elliott, Frank Duffett; Rhodes Univ Coll, Grahamstown (two tutorial blocks, two hostels & men's dining hall); Mount Nelson Hotel, wing, CT; Dock offices, Union Castle Steamship Co Ltd CT; St Cyprian's School by the firm, 'completed by me', CT; country mansion for JW Jagger, by firm 'completed by me'; Cape Technical College, won in competition; Farm Houses: Doornkloof for JW van Zyl; Stettyn for JPM Stofberg; Mafeking Secondary School; St Alban's Church, Greenwood, CT; Farm bldgs, Stellenbosch; Mafeking War Memorial; Garden for WJ Thorne at House Dunluce, CT; Restored: The Kat, Castle, CT; Old Normal College. He 'designed quite a lot of furniture in SA Dutch style'.
There is also a listing of this practitioner on the Dictionary of Scottish Architects.
The following articles were listed in his FRIBA papers, no details other than titles: Colour in architecture; History of furniture and its special application to South African furniture; Design of farm buildings; Practical wrinkles and tips for everyday work.
All truncated references not fully cited in 'References' are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.
List of projects With photographs
|Cape Times Office bldg: 1938. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|House JW Jagger - Lourensford: 1928. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|House Mrs Thorne: 1935. Wynberg Hill, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|Memorial to the Dead: 1904. Mahikeng, North West - Architect |
|Pickford's Stores: 1930. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|Pickford's Stores: 1935. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|Primary school for boys: 1933. Sea Point, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|Primary School, Battery Estate: 1934. Greenpoint, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|Reserve Bank: 1926. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|Rustenberg, wine cellar, reconstr & remodelled: 1928. Stellenbosch, Western Cape - Architect |
|Secondary School: 1938. Kuilsrivier, Western Cape - Architect |
|St Cyprian's School Chapel, Nooitgedacht/Platteklip school: 1926. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
|Technical Institute, ext alt: 1926. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect |
Books citing MORRIS
|Brown, SM. 1969. Architects and others: an annotated list of people of South African interest appearing in the RIBA Journal 1880 1925. Johannesburg: Unpublished dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand. pp |
|Crump, Alan & Van Niekerk, Raymund. 1988. Public sculptures & reliefs Cape Town. Cape Town: Clifton Publications. pp 34|
|Cumming-George, L. 1933. Architecture in South Africa - Volume One. Cape Town: The Speciality Press of S.A. Ltd.. pp 90|
|Greig, Doreen. 1971. A Guide to Architecture in South Africa. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pp 61, 100|
|ISAA. 1959. The Yearbook of the Institute of South African Architects and Chapter of SA Quantity Surveyors 1958-1959 : Die Jaarboek van die Instituut van Suid-Afrikaanse Argitekte en Tak van Suid-Afrikaanse Bourekenaars 1958-1959. Johannesburg: ISAA. pp 94, 216|
|ISAA. 1927. Register of Members the Institute of South African Architects. Johannesburg: ISAA (Unpublished Record). pp M23-24|
|K[nox], WH (Editor). 1933-4. Arts in South Africa, The. Durban: Knox printing and publishing. pp 165|
|Rennie, John for CPIA. 1978. The Buildings of Central Cape Town 1978. Volume Two : Catalogue. Cape Town: Cape Provincial Institute of Architects. pp 209 item 65.34|
|Walker, Michael. 2010. A Statement In Stone. Cape Town: Privately published by Michael Walker. pp 51-52|
|Walker, Michael. 2012. Early architects of Cape Town and their buildings (1820 - 1926) with postcard illustrations, The. St James: Michael Walker. pp 105|