Touws River, Western Cape

Founded: 1883

The name "Touws" originates from a Khoi word for ash

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Originally named Montagu Road.

The town of Touws River owes its existence to the Cape Government Railways, and to the route that their founder, Cape Prime Minister John Molteno, chose for a railway line over the Hex River Mountains.

The name "Touws" originates from a Khoi word for ash, which also referred to the local "Ash-bushes" (Salsola aphylla). It is uncertain whether the name originally referred to the bushes, to the colour of the soil, or to the colour of the river. Historically, the Touws river was occasionally known as the "Ash river".

(Wikipedia)

List of references:

Coyne, Patrick. 2010. A guide to South Africa's mountain passes and poorts. Westville: Osborne Porter Literary Services. pp 31, 36, 41, 137
Fagan, Gawie & Fagan, Gwen. 2008. Brakdak : platdakke in die Karoo. Cape Town: Breestraat Publikasies. pp 192-193
Oberholster, JJ. 1972. The historical monuments of South Africa. Cape Town: Rembrandt Van Rijn Foundation for Culture at the request of the National Monuments Council. pp 178
Richardson, Deidré. 2001. Historic Sites of South Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. pp 156
Schoeman, Chris. 2013. Historical Karoo, The : Traces of the past in South Africa's arid interior. Cape Town: Zebra Press. pp 20-22

List of buildings:

Douglas Hotel: pre 1903.
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1931.
Secondary School, add: 1936.