A collective term coined by Geoffrey Eastcott PEARSE (himself a BAKER boy) to cover the works of the young architects who worked either in Herbert John BAKER's office or in the employ in the DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS in the Colonies of the Free State and Transvaal after the years of the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902). Fransen (1982) noted 'Herbert BAKER's school of architecture, with its attention to craftsmanship in detail, traditional use of material and free borrowing of styles, to suit circumstances and/or clients, dominated the scene for decades after Baker's departure in 1913. Keith (1998: 80) includes in the School
Work produced in his own office and of his own imagination in the years 1902-1913 when he was resident in South Africa.
Work carried out by his successors in the firm in the period 1913-20 at the dissolution of the partnership
Work done by previous members of the partnership after 1920
Work of former assistants who established independent practices on leaving
Local contemporary architects inspired by his work but having little or no direct association in practice.
A distinguishing aspect of the style is the Cape Dutch Revival introduced by BAKER under influence of the Queen Anne style then current in England. (Fransen, H. 1982. Three centuries of South African Art. Fine Art, Architecture. Johannesburg: AD Donker; Keith, M. 1998. The Baker School. A continuing tradition. In Fisher, R, le Roux, S with Mare?, e (eds). Architecture of the Transvaal. Pretoria: Unisa)
Postscript from Keath, Michael. The Baker School in Roger C Fisher & Schalk le Roux with Estelle Mare, 1998. Architecture of the Transvaal. Pretoria: University of South Africa. pp, 93.
The principal architects of the Baker School on this site are as follows:
Buildings on this website in Baker School style