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Wilhelmiens

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An umbrella neologism derived from Wilhelmina (1880-1962), queen of the Netherlands to cover the area of influence of Dutch architects in South Africa in the late C19. It is the equivalent of Victorian in that both show eclecticism and revivalist styling, (particularly Neo-Romanesque and Neo-Gothic) but differs in the sources and treatment of style elements, particularly domes and decorative trimmings. This influence was brought by the Dutch émigré architects and is thus found in the oeuvre of the Department Publieke Werken, of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. In their employ the style has come to be termed ZAR (Holm, 1998) or Transvaal Republican style (Picton-Seymour, 1977) but it has been disseminated through South Africa by those who left the public service. Most notable is the work of Johannes Egbertus VIXSEBOXSE (1863-1943) where the style found its most ebullient expression in his Feather Palaces of Oudshoorn (Picton-Seymour, 1989: 87-88). (Holm, D. 1998. Kerkplaats and Capitalists. In Fisher, R, le Roux, S & Mare, E. (Eds). Architecture of the Transvaal. Pretoria: Unisa; Picton-Seymour, D. 1977. Victorian Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Balkema; Picton-Seymour, D. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof)