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Wilhelmiens

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An umbrella neologism derived from Wilhelmina (1880-1962), queen of the Netherlands to cover the area of influence of Dutch architects in South Africa in the late C19. It is the equivalent of Victorian in that both show eclecticism and revivalist styling, (particularly Neo-Romanesque and Neo-Gothic) but differs in the sources and treatment of style elements, particularly domes and decorative trimmings. This influence was brought by the Dutch émigré architects and is thus found in the oeuvre of the Department Publieke Werken, of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. In their employ the style has come to be termed ZAR (Holm, 1998) or Transvaal Republican style (Picton-Seymour, 1977) but it has been disseminated through South Africa by those who left the public service. Most notable is the work of Johannes Egbertus VIXSEBOXSE (1863-1943) where the style found its most ebullient expression in his Feather Palaces of Oudshoorn (Picton-Seymour, 1989: 87-88). (Holm, D. 1998. Kerkplaats and Capitalists. In Fisher, R, le Roux, S & Mare, E. (Eds). Architecture of the Transvaal. Pretoria: Unisa; Picton-Seymour, D. 1977. Victorian Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Balkema; Picton-Seymour, D. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof)

Buildings on this website in Wilhelmiens style
House Westenberg and van der Made, Mea Vota, then NZASM Memorial House: 1899. Pretoria, Gauteng
Leprozen-Inrigting / Leprosy Asylum / now Westfort Village: 1897-1898. Pretoria, Gauteng
NZASM Eastern Line Railway Station (Pan): 1892-1896. Middelburg district, Mpumalanga
NZASM Eastern Line Railway Station, Brugspruit (now Clewer): 1894. Middelburg district, Mpumalanga
NZASM Headquarters Residence: 1888. Central, Pretoria, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station: 1895+. Randfontein, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station: 1895+. Welverdiend, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Bank: 1895+. Randfontein district, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Frederiksstad: 1895+. Welverdiend district, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Koekemoer: 1895+. Klerksdorp district, North West
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Machavie: 1895+. Potchefstroom district, North West
NZASM Station Master's House: 1887. Pretoria, Gauteng
Oos-Eind School: c. 1904. Travenna, Pretoria, Gauteng
Town Jail: 1872. Philippolis, Free State
University of Pretoria, 'Kaya Rosa' : 1895. Pretoria, Gauteng
Vryheid Branch Line Bloedrivier Railway House: 1898. Dundee district, KwaZulu-Natal
Vryheid Branch Line Bloedrivier Station : 1898. Dundee district, KwaZulu-Natal
Vryheid Railway Station: 1898. Vryheid, KwaZulu-Natal
ZAR Road Bridge over Hennops River, 'S(Z)esmylspruit' - Wierda Bridge: 1891. Swartkops, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over Marthinus-Wesselstroom (UTaka River), 'Wakkerstroom Bridge': 1893. Wakkerstroom, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, 'Arcadia' Bridge: 1888-1894. Arcadia, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, 'Leeubrug' / 'Lion Bridge' : 1894. Arcadia, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, Jacob Maré Street Bridge: 1888-1900. Sunnyside, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Bivane River: 1895-1898. Paulpietersburg district, KwaZulu-Natal
ZAR Road Bridge over the Blesbokspruit: 1896. Heidelberg, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Blesbokspruit, 'Blesbokspruitbrug': 1890-1898. Heidelberg, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Crocodile River, 'Schoeman's Bridge': 1891-1917. Hartbeespoort district, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Crocodile River, near Koppie Alleen: 1897. Mashishing (Lydenburg) district, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Hart River, 'Schweitzer-Reneke Bridge / -brug': 1897 (1896). Bloemhof district, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Mooi River, 'Noordbrug': 1890-1964. Potchefstroom, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Mooi River, 'Oosbrug': 1890. Potchefstroom, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Mooi River, 'Suidbrug': 1890. Potchefstroom, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Olifants River, 'du Toit Bridge' / 'Du Toitbrug': 1892. Kromdraai district, Limpopo
ZAR Road Bridge over the Schoon Spruit, 'Schoonspruitbrug': 1891. Klerksdorp, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Vaal River (Kruger Bridge): 1891. Standerton, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Wilge River, 'Bronkhorstspruit Bridge': 1939 (1892). Bronkhorstspruit district, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Wilge River, 'Eloffs Bridge' / 'Eloffsbrug': 1891. Rayton district, Mpumalanga
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1897. Woodstock, Western Cape