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Eclectic ZA Wilhelmiens

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An umbrella neologism derived from Wilhelmina (1880-1962), queen of the Netherlands to cover the area of influence of Dutch architects in South Africa in the late C19. It is the equivalent of Victorian in that both show eclecticism and revivalist styling, (particularly Neo-Romanesque and Neo-Gothic) but differs in the sources and treatment of style elements, particularly domes and decorative trimmings. This influence was brought by the Dutch émigré architects and is thus found in the oeuvre of the Department Publieke Werken, of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. In their employ the style has come to be termed ZAR (Holm, 1998) or Transvaal Republican style (Picton-Seymour, 1977) but it has been disseminated through South Africa by those who left the public service. Most notable is the work of Johannes Egbertus VIXSEBOXSE (1863-1943) where the style found its most ebullient expression in his Feather Palaces of Oudshoorn (Picton-Seymour, 1989: 87-88). (Holm, D. 1998. Kerkplaats and Capitalists. In Fisher, R, le Roux, S & Mare, E. (Eds). Architecture of the Transvaal. Pretoria: Unisa; Picton-Seymour, D. 1977. Victorian Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Balkema; Picton-Seymour, D. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof)

Buildings on this website in Eclectic ZA Wilhelmiens style
2 single Storey Dwellings for I Schulman: 1898. Richmond Estate, Cape Town, Western Cape
2 Single Storey Hoses for BD Willemse: 1894. Cape Town, Western Cape
20 Double Storey Houses: 1899. Cape Town, Western Cape
3 Single Storey Dwellings for I Schulman: 1898. Walmer Estate, Cape Town, Western Cape
4 Single Storey Dwellings for EAC Grader: 1899. Rondebosch, Cape Town, Western Cape
5 Shops with Flats for Van Ryn Wine and Sirit Co.: 1897. Cape Town, Western Cape
Ajmoodien E Shops and Dwelling: 1901. Salt River, Cape Town, Western Cape
Alford, Willis and Abbott: ?? : 1905. Cape Town, Western Cape
Black Rock House: ?? : . Sea Point, Cape Town, Western Cape
C Begley Premises: ?? : 1895. Cape Town, Western Cape
Chubb and Maxwell Building: 1903. Cape Town, Western Cape
Church Schools: 1890. Cape Town, Western Cape
Colonade Building: 1895. Central, Cape Town, Western Cape
Cottage and Stable for MJH Marshall: 1890. Cape Town, Western Cape
Cottage for DP Krynauw: 1891. Cape Town, Western Cape
Cottage for J Buchegger: ?? : 1895. Cape Town, Western Cape
Cottage for Miss TEM Stonetree: 1898. Claremont, Cape Town, Western Cape
Crystal cottages - Addition of 2 Shops: 1902. Salt River, Western Cape
CW Kitching Consulting Rooms: ?? : 1899 : 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape
Delponte Building: 1890s : 1996. Central, Cape Town, Western Cape
Dutch Reformed Church Hall, Offices etc: 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape
Dwelling for Mr CR Goodspeed: 1886. Woodstock, Cape Town, Western Cape
Dwelling for Mr W Thome: 1904. Rondebosch, Cape Town, Western Cape
Erritt Lodge: 1894. Claremont, Cape Town, Western Cape
Flensburg Villa: ?? : 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape
Fontainbleu: ?? : 1899. Cape Town, Western Cape
G Deponte: 1893. Cape Town, Western Cape
HG Legg: 1894. Cape Town, Western Cape
Hofmeyer Chambers: ?? : 1893. Cape Town, Western Cape
Home for 'Poor Whites': 1897. Cape Town, Western Cape
Hotel for A Hartung Properties: 1894. Cape Town, Western Cape
House Charles Mills: ?? : 1895. Cape Town, Western Cape
House for B Volsteedt: 1902. Maitland, Cape Town, Western Cape
House of Mr GJ Bain: ?? : 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape
House Westenberg and van der Made, Mea Vota, then NZASM Memorial House: 1899. Pretoria, Gauteng
J Christ: ?? : 1893. Cape Town, Western Cape
JW Wathes: ?? : 1892. Cape Town, Western Cape
Kindersendinghuis: 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape
Leprozen-Inrigting / Leprosy Asylum / now Westfort Village: 1897-1898. Pretoria, Gauteng
Lewin Bos: 1901. Cape Town, Western Cape
Limerick Hotel: 1895. Cape Town, Western Cape
Lobster Factory: 1892. Woodstock, Cape Town, Western Cape
M Tracey Shop: 1894. Cape Town, Western Cape
Medical Baths: 1902. Mouille Point, Cape Town, Western Cape
MITCHELL and MACKIE: 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape
National Bank of the SA Republic Ltd.: 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape
NZASM Eastern Line Railway Station (Pan): 1892-1896. Middelburg district, Mpumalanga
NZASM Eastern Line Railway Station, Brugspruit (now Clewer): 1894. Middelburg district, Mpumalanga
NZASM Headquarters Residence: 1888. Central, Pretoria, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station: 1895+. Randfontein, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station: 1895+. Welverdiend, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Bank: 1895+. Randfontein district, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Frederiksstad: 1895+. Welverdiend district, Gauteng
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Koekemoer: 1895+. Klerksdorp district, North West
NZASM South-Western Line Railway Station - Machavie: 1895+. Potchefstroom district, North West
NZASM Station Master's House: 1887. Pretoria, Gauteng
Oos-Eind School: c. 1904. Travenna, Pretoria, Gauteng
Painter's Workshop for HD Hunt: 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape
Parsonage for the Dutch Reformed Church: 1899. Gardens, Cape Town, Western Cape
Petersen and Co: ?? : 1890 : 1894 : 1902. Cape Town, Western Cape
Petersen and Company Factory: 1903. Cape Town, Western Cape
PJ Petersen and Co: 1893 : 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape
Post Office: 1901. ?, Cape Town, Western Cape
Premises for HAP Burmeister: 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape
Residence for C Wilkinson: 1899. Cape Town, Western Cape
Residence for Dr EA Rowan: 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape
Residence for FW Williams: 1903. Cape Town, Western Cape
Residence for H Storm: 1905. St James, Western Cape
Residence of Prof AA Bodkin: 1897. Rondebosch, Cape Town, Western Cape
Romain and Gronitzkie: ?? : 1899. Cape Town, Western Cape
SC Abrahams: ?? : 1893. Cape Town, Western Cape
Searle & Sons Warehouse: 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape
Searle Walters and Sons - Bonding Store: 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape
Shop and Dwelling for Joos Fritz: 1897. Cape Town, Western Cape
Stables and Cottage: 1895. Cape Town, Western Cape
Stables, Coach House and outbuildings: 1904. Rondebosch, Cape Town, Western Cape
Stephan Bros. Tobacconist: 1893. Cape Town, Western Cape
Thesen Timber Warehouse and Store: 1904. Maitland, Western Cape
Thomas Gibson Counting House: ?? : 1903. Cape Town, Western Cape
Town Jail: 1872. Philippolis, Free State
University of Pretoria, 'Kaya Rosa' : 1895. Pretoria, Gauteng
Van Ryn Wine Co Ltd: 1897. Cape Town, Western Cape
Victoria Hotel (originally Hollandia Hotel): 1890s. Central, Pretoria, Gauteng
Villa for E Powell: 1898. Claremont, Cape Town, Western Cape
Villa for John Robertson: 1891. Cape Town, Western Cape
Vryheid Branch Line Bloedrivier Railway House: 1898. Dundee district, KwaZulu-Natal
Vryheid Branch Line Bloedrivier Station : 1898. Dundee district, KwaZulu-Natal
Vryheid Railway Station: 1898. Vryheid, KwaZulu-Natal
WT O'Callaghan Chemist & Waiting Room for Tram Passengers: 1895. Cape Town, Western Cape
ZAR Road Bridge over Hennops River, 'S(Z)esmylspruit' - Wierda Bridge: 1891. Swartkops, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over Marthinus-Wesselstroom (UTaka River), 'Wakkerstroom Bridge': 1893. Wakkerstroom, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, 'Arcadia' Bridge: 1888-1894. Arcadia, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, 'Leeubrug' / 'Lion Bridge' : 1894. Arcadia, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, Jacob Maré Street Bridge: 1888-1900. Sunnyside, Pretoria, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Bivane River: 1895-1898. Paulpietersburg district, KwaZulu-Natal
ZAR Road Bridge over the Blesbokspruit: 1896. Heidelberg, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Blesbokspruit, 'Blesbokspruitbrug': 1890-1898. Heidelberg, Gauteng
ZAR Road Bridge over the Crocodile River, 'Schoeman's Bridge': 1891-1917. Hartbeespoort district, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Crocodile River, near Koppie Alleen: 1897. Mashishing (Lydenburg) district, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Hart River, 'Schweitzer-Reneke Bridge / -brug': 1897 (1896). Bloemhof district, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Mooi River, 'Noordbrug': 1890-1964. Potchefstroom, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Mooi River, 'Oosbrug': 1890. Potchefstroom, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Mooi River, 'Suidbrug': 1890. Potchefstroom, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Olifants River, 'du Toit Bridge' / 'Du Toitbrug': 1892. Kromdraai district, Limpopo
ZAR Road Bridge over the Schoon Spruit, 'Schoonspruitbrug': 1891. Klerksdorp, North West
ZAR Road Bridge over the Vaal River (Kruger Bridge): 1891. Standerton, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Wilge River, 'Bronkhorstspruit Bridge': 1939 (1892). Bronkhorstspruit district, Mpumalanga
ZAR Road Bridge over the Wilge River, 'Eloffs Bridge' / 'Eloffsbrug': 1891. Rayton district, Mpumalanga
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1897. Woodstock, Western Cape