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Tectonic ZA Wilhelmiens

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Tectonic ZA Wilhelmiens is a title coined for a research project related to the Dutch legacy of the designed and built environment of South Africa in the early twentieth century from 1902 (the end of the Anglo-Boer War) up until 1961 (the end of the Union of South africa and the founding of the Republic of South Africa). In this period there was much cultural exchange through the waves of emigration from the Netherlands to South Africa. The term 'Tectonic' refers to the influence of materials and manufacturing on the technologies of the time. At that time Dutch manufacturing industry was internationalising, exporting Dutch construction products and components to South Africa, and in some instances, setting up new industries in South Africa. South Africa has retained many structures with overt and less direct Dutch influence, a shared built heritage that includes the Art Nouveau (Nieuwe Kunst in Dutch) movement, Amsterdam School (see Wikipedia), Nieuw Haagse School and Dutch Modernism or Het Nieuw Bouwen.

The following persons who have entries on this website are identified as being of interest or importance:

BAKKER, HP (?_?)
BAKKER, Jeen (1908-1970)
BESAANS, Johannes Petrus (1875-1935), contractor and manufacturer;
BOTBIJL, Pieter Stoffel (1903-??), contractor;
BREEDVELD, Piet (c1907-?)
BRINK, HL (?-?)
BRINKMAN, JF (?-?)
BONGERS, Frederick Martinus (1898-1981)
BONGERS, Wilhelm Johannes (fl. 1935-1977)
BREIJER, Jan Hendrik (fl 1890- 1940)
BRUIJN, Adri (1867-1958) contractor;
BURG, Johannes Rienk (1874-1961)
BURG, James Stadler (Jimmy) (1907-1989)
DAMSTRA, Mello Gerardus (1873-1945)
DE BRUYN, Johannes (John) (1897-?)
DE BIE, H (fl 1958-?)
DE JONG, Abraham (1877-1970) contractor;
DE JONG, Jan Jacob (1895-1978)
DE KAMPER, Gerard Christiaan (1920-1972) contractor;
DE LANGE, Everhardus (1877-1944)
DE RAPPER, Wilhelm Alexander (1841-1912) contractor;
DE WILDT, Maurits Edgar (1855-1907)
DE WITT, Antonie (Anthony) Mauritz (Maurice) (1854-1916)
DE ZWAAN, Wilhelm Johannes (1867-1948)
DEKKER, Leendert (1869-1964) contractor;
DIEPRAAM, Willem Pieter (1862-1936)
DYKSTRA, Simon Pieter (1884-1968)
DIRKSEN, Pieter (1910-?)
GEERS, Leendert Marinus (1877-1957)
GEERS, Geurt Marinus Jacobus (1909-1945)
GROOTEWAL, Cornelius (fl. 1943-?)
FERGUSON, Johanna Eleanor (fl. 1937-1967)
HEYINK, Gerrit (1867-1945)
HEUKELMAN, Jan (?-1954)
HOOGTERP, John Albert (1892-1972)
HORSTMANSHOF, Hendrik (1886-1974)
HULSHOF, ?. (?-?)
JONGENS, Jacob Cornelis (1898-1986)
KAAL, Henk (fl. 1947-?)
KESTING, Jean Jacques (1870-1929)
KLAVER, Dirk (1911-1967) carpenter, contractor, clay-brick manufacturer;
KOELEWYN, J (fl 1948-?)
KRAAN, Johannes Gysbertus (Gijsbertus) (1865-1932)
LAMBOOY, Nico (fl1960-?)
LAMPEN, Wijtse Sijger (1867-1938), contractor;
LINDHOUT, Simon Pieter van Wijngaarden (1868-1932)
MEISCHKE, Mattheus Carel August (1859-1935)
MONDT, Jacobus (1859-1950) contractor;
MOORS, JAM (fl 1947-?)
MOERDYK, Gerard Leendert Pieter, (1890-1958)
NIJENES, Reinier Willem (1865-1937) land-surveyor, draughtsman;
NIEGEMAN, Henk Theodorus Otto (1905-1972)
OERDER, Jacobus Hendrikus (1862-1939) draughtsman;
PAYENS, Eduard Hebertus Antonio (1899-1979). Architect. Active in the Free State and Lesotho.
PIERNEEF., Gerrit Leendert (1856-??) contractor;
PLOEGER, Hendrik (1887-1961) carpenter and contractor;
PRINS, Pieter Bernadus Franciscus (1911-1975) cabinet-maker / furniture supplier / researcher;.
RISSIK, Johann Friedrich Bernhard (1857-1925) land surveyor;
ROEPE, Theodorus Johannes (1861-1927) carpenter;
ROSEMA, Roelf (1910-1991) clay-brick maker;
RUYTER, Leo (1895-1971) carpenter, contractor;
SCHALLIES, Jan Arend (1859-1934) Master Builder;
SCHEEPERS, Gerhard (?-?)
SCHEERES, Adrianus Hendrikus (1908-??) carpenter and office fitter;
SCHEFFER, Johannes (1921-??) draughtsman, contractor;
SCHOLTE, Anton Hendrik (1878-1929)
SCHOTHORST, Wilhelmus Franciscus (1904-1953) contractor;
SCHRIEK, Cornelis (1923-1985) carpenter, foreman;
SCHUURMANS STEKHOVEN, Jan Zeger (1895-1956)
SEMEYN Christiaan (1909-1985)
SEMMELINK, Christiaan (1912-1960
SIEMERINK, Herman (1870-1944)
SEMMELINK, Lambertus Diederik (1872-1954) clay-brick maker, light industry;
SIGLÉ, Hendrik Matthijs (1905-1989) contractor;
SOFF, Francois (Frans) (1867-1936)
SPOOR, Hersel (?-1970)
STRAUB, Johannes Marinus (c.1867-1947) contractor;
SULMAN, Albert (1892-1966) sub-contractors;
TE GROEN, Der Meindert Willem (fl. 1890-??) contractor;
TEN KROODEN, Christiaan Johannes Gerhardus (1863-1935), contractor;
TOLLIG, Cornelis Jan antonie (1911-1971) contractor;
VAN BEIJMA, Willem Frederik George Lodewijk (Jonkheer) (1910-2003)
VAN CITTERT, Herman (1859-1932) contractor;
VAN DE KOPPEL, Jan Jacob (1873-1961) contractor;
VAN DE KOPPEL, P (1881-??) contractor;
VAN DEN HOOGEN (1872-1946) contractor;
VAN DE WERKE, Johannes (John) (1913-1980)
VAN DER LECQ, Karel Adriaan Wilhelm Hendrik (1907-1987), contractor;
VAN DER LOO, Simon Antonie (1917-??) contractor;
VAN DER MEULEN, Arena (1867-1936) contractor;
VAN DER WERKE, Johannes (Jan) (1913-1980) architect;
VAN DIJKHORST, Johannes Eduard (1907-1990) contractor;
VAN GEMERT, JW (fl1940-??) architect;
VAN KRETSCHMAR VAN VEEN, Constantijn Leopold Carel (1891-1967)
VAN NIFTRIK, Jacob Joseph (Jaap, )
VAN OOSTEN, Hendrikus (1906-1963) contractor;
VAN RIJSSE, Klaas (C19-C20) architect;
VAN STEK, Arie (1911-1981)door fabricator;
VAN TEEFFELEN, Frans A (fl. 1947-??);
VAN TILBURG, Jacob Dirk (1867-1946) contractor;
VAN TWISK, Pieter (1887-1978) carpenter;
VAN WIJNGAARDEN, ? (?-?)
Van Til/ Van Tijl No entry. Dutch architect/draughtsman. Worked for Moerdyk& Watson. Source: Johan Voorendyk.
Van Waardenburg, Johnny. No entry. Dutch architect/draughtsman. Worked for Moerdyk& Watson. Source: Johan Voorendyk.
VAN VOORST, JJ. (?-?)
VAN WOUW, Anton (1862-1945) draughtsman / sculptor;
VAN ZANTEN, Jacobus Henri (1909 -?)
VERMOOTEN, Isak Hendrik (?-?)
VERRIPS, Aart (1895-1970) mason;
VERWAYEN, Johannes Coenradus (1868-1925) contractor;
VIXSEBOXSE, Johannes Egbertus (1863-1943)
VLAMING, Cornelis Nicolaas (1905-1989) contractor;
VOORVELDT, AJC. No entry. Dutch emmigre architect in private practice in Pretora and Johannesburg. (NJC is process of compiling info)
WEGERIF, Chris (1898 -?)
WENTINK, Dirk Egbert (1867-1940)
WESTMAAS, Paulus (fl. 1889-1923)
WITHAAR, Jan (1913-1935) contractor;
WYERS, Jan Brink (1865- 1953)
WOUDSTRA, Jacob (Jaap) (c1899-1953)
ZIJLSTRA, Jan (1906-1978) contractor.



Buildings on this website in Tectonic ZA Wilhelmiens style
Astoria Kinema : 1930. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Bakery for Malga and Coleman: 1931. Pretoria, Gauteng
Bellaire private hotel, ext: 1938. Fish Hoek, Western Cape
Berg Spirit Co, Wine and Brandy Store: 1905. Paarl, Western Cape
Berkeley Court: 1934 : 1990s. Summerstrand, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Bioscope, tearoom, offices adj Imperial Hotel: 1928. Pretoria, Gauteng
Boere Saamwerk Beperk, Wool Store: 1927. Cape Town, Western Cape
Caledon Baths - Sanatorium - Hotel: pre-1905. Caledon, Western Cape
Cape Provincial Administration Building: 1939 : 1975. Cape Town, Western Cape
Car storage buildings for General Motors (SA): 1936. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Cement Co offices, proposed bldg: 1927. New Brighton, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Christelike Jeug Zaal - CJZ - Christian Youth Hall: 1908. Malmesbury, Western Cape
Christian National School: pre-1912. Kroonstad, Free State
Chubb and Maxwell Building: pre-1906. Cape Town, Western Cape
Claradave Mansions: c1935. Vredehoek, Cape Town, Western Cape
Cogill's Hotel, Wynberg: pre-1908. Wynberg, Western Cape
Cottages: pre-1912. Bloemfontein, Free State
Cunningham Primary School : 1928. South End, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Dr Viljoen School, North End: 1930. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Dutch Church Parsonage: 1926. North End, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Eastern Province Cement Works, offices, labs, workshops: 1928. New Brighton, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Ethel Valentine Primary School: 1944. Sidwell, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Exeter Park: After 1939. Kenilworth, Cape Town, Western Cape
Fire Station: pre 1927. Sea Point, Cape Town, Western Cape
First Church of Christ Scientist: c1920. Pretoria, Gauteng
Flats for Mr Manoim: 1935. Vredehoek, Cape Town, Western Cape
Flats, Mrs NO Brewer: 1926. Port Alfred, Eastern Cape
Ford Motor Co (SA) Ltd,: 1928. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Fraserburg High School, hostel: 1937. Fraserburg, Northern Cape
Gaiety Theatre: 1912. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape
Gaiety Theatre: 1912. Calitzdorp, Western Cape
Garage for Messrs Van Sandwyk, Edwardes Pty: 1936. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
General Motors South Africa Assembly Plant: 1928. North End, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1951. Vanderbijlpark, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: c1930. Pretoria East, Pretoria, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1956. Pretoria North, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1938. Benoni, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1914. Bethal, Mpumalanga
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1954. Welkom, Free State
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1950 - 1952. Heidelberg, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1930. Sunnyside, Pretoria, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1932. Matlabas, Limpopo
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1935. Melville, Johannesburg, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1951. Klerksdorp, North West
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1933-1934. Swartruggens, North West
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1933. Germiston, Gauteng
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1947. Lichtenburg, North West
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1950. Umbilo, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal
Gereformeerde Kerk: 1946. Sannieshof, North West
Glengarry Court: 1939. Summerstrand, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Groote Schuur Hospital: Nurses' Quarters: pre 1927. Cape Town, Western Cape
Grosvenor Court: 1933. Summerstrand, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
High School, hostel: 1939. Humansdorp, Eastern Cape
Highview : 1937. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Hotel Metropole: 1895 : 1928. Central, Cape Town, Western Cape
House - Klein Groevenbeek: 1963. Constantia, Western Cape
House AJ Karstaedt: c1939. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
House Angelopulo, Station Place: 1936. Rissik, Pretoria, Gauteng
House Belmont: n.d.. Oranjezicht, Cape Town, Western Cape
House Blans - Berg en Dal: 1964. Bishopscourt, Cape Town, Western Cape
House Bosman: 1950. Somerset West, Western Cape
House Bourke: Cloghereen: c1930. Muckleneuk Hill, Pretoria, Gauteng
House Brand: n.d.. Bishopscourt, Cape Town, Western Cape
House CH Clutterbuck: 1925. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
House Cloete: 1950. Alphen Estate, Constantia, Western Cape
House Fitzpatrick - Clonave: 1910. Johannesburg, Gauteng
House for Solly Varkel: 1935. Vredehoek, Cape Town, Western Cape
House GL Lippsteu: 1938. Redhouse, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
House Green - 'Pinecones': 1937. Mill Park, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
House J Loopuyt: 1904. Rondebosch, Cape Town, Western Cape
House Janssens: n.d.. Pretoria, Gauteng
House Koper: 1937. Pinelands, Western Cape
House Lorentz: c1905. Zwartkops, Gauteng
House Mr Stekhoven: 1930. Kenilworth, Cape Town, Western Cape
House Sorensen - Bakebo: 1950. Claremont, Cape Town, Western Cape
House Stauckelbach - Ridgewood: 1936. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
House Storm - Senn Hütte: 1904. Kalk Bay, Western Cape
House T Cohen: 1928. Cape Town, Western Cape
House Thesen: 1937. Rondebosch, Cape Town, Western Cape
House Van Boeschoeten: c1905. Zwartkops, Gauteng
House Volsteedt: 1902. Muizenberg, Western Cape
House Westwood - 'Eltham': 1931. Mill Park, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
House Young - Irene: 1950. Cape Town, Western Cape
Houses for the SA Township & Mining Co: n.d.. Waterkloof, Pretoria, Gauteng
Huguenot Memorial: 1948. Franschhoek, Western Cape
Indigent boarding house, hostel & ext: 1938. Van Wyksvlei, Northern Cape
Industrial School: 1911. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape
International Hotel: 1904. Cape Town, Western Cape
J Sedgwick Building, alt: 1939. Cape Town, Western Cape
Kirkwood High School: 1936. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Livingstone Hospital: 1955. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Magoebaskloof Hotel: 1940s. Magoebaskloof, Limpopo
Marine Hotel: 1939. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Marine Research Aquarium: 1938. Cape Town, Western Cape
Marks Building - Gundelfinger - Metro Cycle House: 1903. Pretoria, Gauteng
Metro Hotel: 1937. Pretoria West, Pretoria, Gauteng
Mill Park Bowling Club Pavilion: 1933. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Mitchell's Court: 1935. Pretoria, Gauteng
Motor Garage, for Rodda: 1934. Pretoria, Gauteng
Muldersdrift Hotel: 1940s. Muldersdrif, North West
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1950-1951. Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1911-1912. Bredasdorp, Western Cape
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1941. Balfour, Eastern Cape
Nederduitse Hervormde Kerk: 1913. Ventersdorp, North West
Nederduitse Hervormde Kerk: 1913. Bronkhorstspruit, Mpumalanga
Nederduitse Hervormde Kerk: 1921. Modimolle (Nylstroom), Limpopo
Nederduitse Hervormde Kerk: 1955. Cape Town, Western Cape
Nederlandssprekende Hervormde Gemeente Maranatha (Reformed Church Maranatha): 1960. Parktown, Johannesburg, Gauteng
Netherlands Bank: c1930. East London, Eastern Cape
Netherlands Bank: 1927. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Newlands Swimming Pool: 1955. Cape Town, Western Cape
North End Public Library: 1936. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Office block at new Iron & Steel Works (ISCOR): 1931. Pretoria, Gauteng
Orange Court: 1931. Pretoria, Gauteng
Osborne House: n.d.. Brooklyn, Pretoria, Gauteng
Parkzicht Mansions: 1944. Troyeville, Johannesburg, Gauteng
Paul Kruger High school, hostel: 1939. Steynsburg, Eastern Cape
Perseverance Building Society: 1934. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Pinehurst - House Edmeades: 1911. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape
Pioneer Motor Ltd, North End: 1928. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Port Elizabeth Museum, Snake Park and Aquarium: 1919 - 1925. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Porterville preparatory school: 1937. Porterville, Western Cape
Primary School: 1937. Humansdorp, Eastern Cape
Primary School bldg and teacher's house: 1938. Koekenaap, Western Cape
Private Residence: n.d.. Oranjezicht, Cape Town, Western Cape
Private Residence - Castello: c1920. Oranjezicht, Cape Town, Western Cape
Private Residence - Now Hope House : n.d.. Oranjezicht, Cape Town, Western Cape
Private Residence - Palermo: n.d.. Oranjezicht, Cape Town, Western Cape
Provincial Hospital, coloured servants quarters': 1937. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Public Library: 1957. Bloemfontein, Free State
Public School, for Humansdorp School Board: 1935. Jeffrey's Bay, Eastern Cape
Real Estate Bldgs: pre-1912. Brandfort, Free State
Reserve Investment Building & Cafe Riche: 1905. Central, Pretoria, Gauteng
Residence Belmont Avenue: n.d.. Oranjezicht, Cape Town, Western Cape
Residence Belvedere Avenue: n.d.. Oranjezicht, Cape Town, Western Cape
Residence corner Molteno Road and Belvedere Avenue: n.d.. Cape Town, Western Cape
School and teacher's quarters, Hanover Rd School: 1939. Hanover, Northern Cape
School Bldg, Moravia, Piquetberg Div: 1937. Moravia, Western Cape
Schools - Primary and High: pre 1910. Tulbagh, Western Cape
Several cottages: pre-1912. Kroonstad, Free State
Several dwelling houses and cottages: pre-1912. Brandfort, Free State
Sidwell Primary School: 1937. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
South End Boys' Club: 1939. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Southern Life Bldg: 1937. Cape Town, Western Cape
Standard Bank: 1911-1912. Calitzdorp, Western Cape
Swimming Baths: pre 1927. Woodstock, Western Cape
Synagogue: pre-1912. Brandfort, Free State
T Gibson & Co: 1904. Cape Town, Western Cape
Telephone Exchange (Extention to Post Office): 1920. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Thesen's Warehouse - Van Riebeeck House: 1904 : 1953. Cape Town, Western Cape
Totius School: 1956. Stellenbosch district, Western Cape
Town Hall & Market Bldgs: pre-1912. Brandfort, Free State
Transvaal Mutual Bldg & Investment Soc Bldg, with C SMALL: 1930. Johannesburg, Gauteng
Trianon Building (now Tiny Town): 1929. Pretoria, Gauteng
TW Beckett Bldg: 1925. Central, Pretoria, Gauteng
Volksbank: 1923. Pretoria, Gauteng
Vrouemonument - National Women's Monument: 1913. Bloemfontein, Free State
Walton Orthopaedic Home: 1947-1948. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
War Museum of the Boer Republics: 1930 : 1956. Bloemfontein, Free State
Ward block, mortuary, ext to nurses' home, Queen Mary's Hospital: 1935. Uitenhage, Eastern Cape
Wemmershoek Dam Administration Building and Purification Plant: 1957. Franschhoek district, Western Cape
Wemmershoek Dam Hoist Gallery: 1957. Franschhoek district, Western Cape
Wemmershoek Dam Inflow-outflow Control Station: 1957. Franschhoek district, Western Cape
Williams, Hunt and Brook, Garages: 1928. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Wool warehouse for Boere Saamwerk Bpk: 1926. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape
Woolworth's new bldg and remodelling of existing bldg: 1933. Cape Town, Western Cape
Zwartkops Mineral Baths Sanatorium: 1915 : 1922 : 1938. Port Elizabeth, Free State