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Book

Author:Pearse, Geoffrey Eastcott
Year:1957
Title:Eighteenth century architecture in South Africa
Place:London
Publisher:Batsford

Pearse relates this as an anecdotal background to the book: ''A strange character on the University Staff was the Professor of Geology, Professor R.B. Young. I had crossed swords with him when in practice. In those days the Medical Officer of Health, Dr. Charles Porter, another famous character known as Permanent Porter, insisted that before a septic tank could be installed for any residence a geologist had to report on the site. This was before the days of sewage in the northern suburbs. The geologist was Professor Young, a near neighbour and crony of Dr Porter. Before the plans of a building were submitted to the local authorities, the architect concerned had to contact Dr Young and make an appointment to visit the site. Transport had to be provided and a fee of ten guineas paid to him in advance. I took him out to several sites and on each occasion he admired the view, commented on the lovely weather and then signed the plans. Presumably he had studied the geological formation of the site in his office. I often wondered how much he made a year for this service. When I met him as a colleague years afterwards I couldn't resist chaffing him about the methods employed in feathering his nest and gulling the public. He was a hard headed Scot and somewhat dour and I soon realised that I had made an enemy. I happened to apply for a grant to assist me in research and the publication of a book on 18th Century Architecture in South Africa. He was Chairman of the Board and turned it down on the grounds that it was of no scientific value. Later, when I applied for a Carnegie grant to visit the U.S.A. and study architectural education over there Young, who was chairman of that board, turned it down for the same reason. In fairness to “Robbie” I must admit that we played a lot of tennis together at his house and were good friends, in fact he spent one of the short vacations on my farm at Naboomspruit and studied the geological formation of the ground as I wanted to put down a borehole for water. He was probably quite genuine when turning down my applications.''
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Chapters/Entries in this book

Plate 1. Map of the Cape in the XVIIIth Century

Fassler, J0
Fig. 1. Plan of Cape Town about 1700

Pearse, GE2
Fig. 2. Plan of Cape Town : 1767

Pearse, GE3
Fig. 5. Courtyard of a town house

McWilliams, HH9
Fig. 6. The plan of a typical town house

Pearse, GE10
Fig. 7. Courtyard of a town house with pool

McWilliams, HH11
Fig. 8. Interior of a kitchen, town house

McWilliams, HH12
Fig. 10. Typical parapets

Pearse, GE12
Fig.14. Plan of Saxenberg

Pearse, GE15
Fig. 15. Plan Nederburg

Pearse, GE15
Fig. 16. Plan of Meerlust

Pearse, GE16
Fig. 17. Interior of kitchen, country house

McWilliams, HH17
Fig. 18. Typical gables

Pearse, GE18
Fig. 19. [Photo] Interior of roof showing construction

Mc Williams, HH19
Fig. 20. [Photo] Chimney stack. Hoop op Constantia.

Hanson, N19
Fig. 21. [Photo] Stepped gables, Noordhoek

Ellenberger, RM20
Fig. 22. [Photo] Typical side gables

Hanson, N20
Fig. 23. Typical pavings

Pearse, GE22
Fig. 24. Old lime kilns, Mowbray

McWilliams, HH23
Fig. 25. The hall, Nooitgedacht, Stellenbosch

Baker, H28
Fig. 26. Drawing of French Order

Thibault, LM29
Fig. 27. L. M. Thibault

Barnard, Lady Anne33
Fig. 28. Drawing of Goede Hoop Lodge by Thibault

Thibault, LM33
Fig. 29. Parade, Cape Town. A water colour attributed to Thibault

Thibault, LM33
Fig. 30. Sculpture on Kat Balcony The Castle, Cape Town

Mullins, FW34
Fig. 30. Sculpture on Kat Balcony The Castle, Cape Town

Mullins, FW34
Fig. 31. Plan of the Castle, Cape Town

Mullins, FW35
Fig. 32. The dolphin fountain [delt]

Fassler, J37
Fig. 33. Plan of Government House

Pearse, GE39
Fig. 34. Plan of Groot Constantia

Pearse, GE42
Fig. 35. Lay-out at Vergelegen

Pearse, GE46
Fig. 36. Lay-out of Vredenhof [from measured drawing by Gerard Moerdyk]

Pearse, GE48
Plate 2. The Castle, Cape Town [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (photographer)52
Plate 3. The Castle, Cape Town. Details of Kat Balcony [Drawn from measured drawings by FW Mullins and VS Rees Poole]

Fassler, J53
Plate 4. The Castle, Cape Town. Kat Balcony, entrance door [photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)54
Plate 5. The Castle, Cape Town. Kat Balcony, The entrance door to large hall [FW Mullins Mens et Delt Redrawn J Fassler]

Fassler, J55
Plate 6. The Castle, Cape Town. Details of the Kat Balcony [Fassler Delt]

Fassler, J56
Plate 7. The Castle, Cape Town. Details of a doorway (vide Plate 9) (Drawn by J Fassler from measured drawaings by F. W. Mullin & G. E. G. Leith)

Fassler, J57
Plate 8. The Castle, Cape Town. Details of door in inner court. (G. E. Pearse Mens. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J58
Plate 9. The Castle, Cape Town. [a] A door (vide Plate 7) [b] A Door (vide Plate 8)

Ellenberger, RM (Photographer)59
Plate 10. The Castle, Cape Town. Door. Imhoff Battery. Now at Groote Schuur, Rondebosch [Drawn by J. Fassler from measured drawings by Fred W. Mullins]

Fassler, J60
Plate 11. Government House, Cape Town. Detail of facade (1798) [Reconstructed from the sketch of Herman Schutte 1798 by D. H. Schutte 1910 J. Fassler Delt]

Fassler, J61
Plate 12. Gates to Gardens, Cape Town (now demolished) (From measured drawings by D. P. Schutte J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J62
Plate 13. The Burgher Watch House, Cape Town. Interior as restored by the late J. M. Solomon [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)63
Plate 14. The Burgher Watch House, Cape Town. Interior as restored by the late J. M. Solomon [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)64
Plate 15. The Burgher Watch House, Cape Town. (From Measured Drawing by V. S. Rees Poole. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J65
Plate 16. The Burgher Watch House, Cape Town. (Details of Ornamental Plasterwork) (C. D. St Leger Delt)

St Leger, CD66
Plate 17. The Burgher Watch House, Cape Town. (Details of Joinery and Metalwork) (C. D. St Leger Delt)

St Leger, CD67
Plate 18. Caledon Street Police Station [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)68
Plate 19. Pediments to Old Supreme Court and Caledon Street Police Station (LA Elsworth Mens et Delt Jan 1928 [?])

Elsworth, LA69
Plate 20. [a] House in Buitensingel, Cape Town [Photo: W. G. McIntosh]

McIntosh, WG70
Plate 20. [b] House in Buitensingel, Cape Town (L. R. Bustin Mens J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J70
Plate 21. [a] English Church House, Cape Town [Photo: Unidentified] [b] English Church House, Cape Town (Norman Eaton 1926)

Eaton, Norman71
Plate 22. [a] House at 14 Keerom Street, Cape Town

McWilliams, HH72
Plate 22. [b] House at 14 Keerom Street, Cape Town (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE72
Plate 23. House in Caledon Square, Cape Town

McWilliams, HH73
Plate 24. [a] The Lutheran Parsonage, Cape Town [Photo : Cape Times] [b] Entrance Door [Photo: R. M. Ellenberger]

Ellenberger, RM (Photographer)74
Plate 25. The Lutheran Parsonage, Cape Town (Rex Martienssen 1928)

Martienssen, Rex75
Plate 26. The Lutheran Parsonage, Cape Town. Entrance Door (vide Plate 24) (Drawn by J Fassler from Measured Drawings by F. W. Mullin)

Fassler, J76
Plate 27. Koopman de Wet House. Details of the Main Door (vide Plate 28) (Drawn by J. Fassler from measured drawings by F. M Glennie & V. S. Rees Poole)

Fassler, J77
Plate 28. Koopman de Wet House [Photo]

Anonymous78
Plate 29. Koopman de Wet House. Detail of Facade (From Measured Drawings by V. S. Rees Poole. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J79
Plate 30. Rust-en-Vreugde [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)80
Plate 31. Rust-en-Vreugde, Cape Town. [Detail of Facade] (J. Fassler Delt From Measured drawings by V. S. Rees Poole, G. E. Gordon Leith, D. S. Haddon)

Fassler, J81
Plate 32. Rust-en-Vreugde, Cape Town. Detail of Door on First Floor Balcony. (J. Fassler Delt From Measured drawings by G. E. Gordon Leith, D. S. Haddon)

Fassler, J82
Plate 33. Rust-en-Vreugde, Cape Town. Carved Surround to Door on First Floor Balcony. (G. E. P. Mens & Delt)

Pearse, GE83
Plate 34. Rust-en-Vreugde, Cape Town. [Main Entrance Doorway] (J. Fassler Delt From Measured Drawings by V. S. Rees Poole)

Fassler, J84
Plate 35. [Rust-en-Vreugde, Cape Town. Detail of Main Entrance Door] (J. Fassler Delt From Measured Drawings by V. S. Rees Poole)

Fassler, J85
Plate 35. [a] Rust-en-Vreugde, Cape Town. Entrance Door (vide Plate 30) [Photo] [b] Rust-en-Vreugde, Cape Town. Entrance Door (vide Plate 30) [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)86
Plate 37. Alphen, Cape Town. The Entrance Door (D. H. Epstein mens, J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J87
Plate 38. Groot Constantia [Photo]

Anonymous88
Plate 39. Groot Constantia. Front Elevation (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured Drawing by Gordon Leith)

Fassler, J89
Plate 40. Groot Constantia. Side Elevation (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured Drawing by Gordon Leith)

Fassler, J90
Plate 41. Groot Constantia. Window and Shutter Details (G. E. G. Leith mens. J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J91
Plate 42. Groot Constantia. Front Gable [Photo]

Ellenberger, RM (Photographer)92
Plate 43. Groot Constantia. The Entrance Door. (W. G. MC Intosh Mens. J. Fassler Delt

Fassler, J93
Plate 44. Groot Constantia. Plaster Details. (G. E. Gordon Leith Mens et Delt)

Leith, GE Gordon94
Plate 45. Groot Constantia. The Wine Cellar (F. M. Glennie Mens et Delt 1912. Traced J Fassler)

Glennie, FM95
Plate 46. Groot Constantia. Wine Cellar [a] The Pediment. [Photo]

Hanson, N (Photographer)96
Plate 46. Groot Constantia. Wine Cellar [b] The Entrance Front [c] As Seen From the House. [Photos]

Pearse, GE (Photographer)96
Plate 47. Groot Constantia. Wine Cellar. Details of Pediment and Entrance (From Measured Drawings by F. Glennie. J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J97
Plate 48. Groot Constantia. Wine Cellar Details (From Measured Drawings by F. Glennie. J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J98
Plate 49. Groot Constantia. Details of Wine Cellar [Joinery] (From Measured Drawings by F. Glennie. J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J99
Plate 50. [a] Groot Constantia. The Jonker House, Gable [Photo]

McIntosh, WG (Photographer)100
Plate 50. [b] Groot Constantia. The Jonker House, General View [Photo]

Pearse, GE (Photographer)100
Plate 51. Groot Constantia. The Jonker's House, Elevation (W. G. Mc Intosh Mens. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J101
Plate 52. Groot Constantia. The Swimming Pool [Photo]

Pearse, GE (Photographer)102
Plate 53. Groot Constantia. Details of the Swimming Bath (Rene M Ellenberger Mens. J Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J103
Plate 54. Stellenberg. The Lay-Out. (NM Eaton 14 8 28)

Eaton, NM104
Plate 55. Stellenberg. Plan. (NM Eaton 14 8 28)

Eaton, NM105
Plate 56. Stellenberg. Entrance Front [Photo]

Anonymous106
Plate 57. Stellenberg. Elevation Details (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured Drawings by V. S. Rees Poole.)

Fassler, J107
Plate 58. Stellenberg. Facade (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured Drawings by N. M. Eaton.)

Fassler, J108
Plate 59. Stellenberg. Plaster Details (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured Drawings by N. M. Eaton.)

Fassler, J109
Plate 60. Stellenberg. Back of the House [Photo]

Anonymous110
Plate 61. Stellenberg. Joinery Details (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured drawings by N. M. Eaton)

Fassler, J111
Plate 62. Stellenberg. Screen in Hall

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)112
Plate 63. Stellenberg. Details of Metalwork (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured drawings by N. M. Eaton)

Fassler, J113
Plate 64. [a] The Gateway. ''Boshof'' [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)114
Plate 64. [b] Details of the Piers, ''Boshof'' (C. W. Roxburgh. G. E. Pearse mens. E. G. Tucker delt.)

Roxburgh, CW114
Plate 65 [a] The Old Summer House, Groote Schuur, Rondebosch [Photo]

Oakly Photo Company (Photographer)115
Plate 65. [b] The Old Summer House, Groote Schuur, Rondebosch (J. Fassler delt. From Measured Drawings by Mr. H. Baker)

Fassler, J115
Plate 66. [a] Welgelegen Gates (G.E. Pearse mens. E. G. Tucker delt)

Pearse, GE116
Plate 66. [b] Welgelegen Gates [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)116
Plate 67. Rustenburg Gates. (J. Fassler Delt. C. W. Roxburgh Mens.)

Fassler, J117
Plate 68. [a] Visser's Hok Gates

McWilliams, HH118
Plate 68. [b] Visser's Hok Gate

Anonymous118
Plate 69. Meerlust Facade (L. R. F. Bustin mens et delt.)

Bustin, LRF119
Plate 70. [a] Meerlust [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)120
Plate 70. [b] Meerlust Pigeon House [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)120
Plate 71. [a] Meerlust. Pigeon House (R. D. Martienssen mens. J. Fassler Delt.)

Fassler, J121
Plate 71. [b] Meerlust. Bell Tower (L. R. F. Bustin Mens. E. G. Tucker Delt.)

Tucker, EG121
Plate 72. Meerlust. Wall Cupboard and Fireplace (G. E. P. Delt.)

Pearse, GE122
Plate 73. Meerlust. Wall Cupboard [Photo]

Ellenberger, RM (Photographer)123
Plate 74. ''Morgenster,'' Somerset West

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)124
Plate 75. ''Morgenster,'' Somerset West. Front Elevation (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE125
Plate 76. ''Morgenster,'' Somerset West. Back and Details (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE126
Plate 77. ''Morgenster,'' Somerset West. Back Gable [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)127
Plate 78. ''Vergelegen,'' Somerset West. Restored [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)128
Plate 79. Gables at Stellenbosch and Paarl (J. Fassler Delt. W. G. Mc Intosh Mens)

Fassler, J129
Plate 80. [a] Nooitgedacht, Bell Tower [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)130
Plate 80. [b] Nooitgedacht, Bell Tower (D. M. Epstein Mens. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J130
Plate 81. [a] Spier : Outbuildings [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)131
Plate 31. [b] Spier L: Outbuildings. Detail of Gable (C. W. Roxburgh mens. J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J131
Plate 82. Elsenburg, Near Mulder's Vlei. Front [Photo]

Cape Times (Photographer)132
Plate 83. Elsenburg, Near Mulder's Vlei. Plan and Elevation of South Front (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE133
Plate 84. Elsenburg, Near Mulder's Vlei. The Entrance Door (Drawn by G. E. Pearse from records in Messrs H Baker & Kendall's office Cape Town))

Pearse, GE134
Plate 85. Elsenburg, Near Mulder's Vlei. Front Door at Groote Schuur [Photo]

Ellenberger, RM (Photographer)135
Plate 85. [b] Elsenburg, Near Mulder's Vlei. The Bell Tower [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)135
Plate 86. Elsenburg, Near Mulder's Vlei. Details of the Bell Tower (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE136
Plate 87. [b] Uitkyk, Stellenbosch (B. Middleton Mens. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J137
Plate 87. [a] Uitkyk, Stellenbosch [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)137
Plate 88. Rhone, Groot Drakenstein. Front Elevation (From Measured Drawings by C. J. Slade. J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J138
Plate 89. Rhone, Groot Drakenstein. Plaster Details(J. Fassler delt. From Measured Drawings by C. J. Slade.)

Fassler, J139
Plate 90. Rhone, Groot Drakenstein. Joinery Details (From Measured Drawings by C. J. Slade. J. Fassler delt)

Fassler, J140
Plate 91. [a] Rhone, Groot Drakenstein. [Photo]

Pearse, GE (Photographer)141
Plate 91. [b] La Provence. Entrance Porch. [Photo]

McWilliams, HH (Photographer)141
Plate 92. La Provence. French Hoek. [Photo]

Hanson, N (Photographer)142
Plate 93. La Provence. French Hoek. Plan and Facade (Measured and Drawn by Norman Hanson)

Hanson, N143
Plate 94. [a] La Provence. French Hoek. Wall Cupboard [Photo]

Ellenberger, RM (Photographer)144
Plate 94. [b] Nederburg, Klein Drakenstein. Wall Cupboard (vide Plate 109) [Photo]

Martienssen, RM (Photographer)144
Plate 95. La Provence, French Hoek. Joinery Details (N. Hanson Mens. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J145
Plate 96. The Parsonage, Paarl

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)146
Plate 97. Paarl Church [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)147
Plate 98. Paarl Church. Front Elevation (W. G. Mc Intosh Mens. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J148
Plate 99. [a] Paarl Church [Photo]

Ellenberger, RM (Photographer)149
Plate 99. [b] Paarl Church. The Bell Tower (W. G. Mc Intosh Mens. J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J149
Plate 100. The Old Parsonage, Paarl (vide Plate 96) (C. J. Slade Mens. J. Fassler Delt.)

Fassler, J150
Plate 101. The Old Parsonage, Paarl. The Entrance Door (C. J. Slade Mens. J. Fassler Delt.)

Fassler, J151
Plate 102. [a] Vredenhof, Paarl. The Entrance Door [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)152
Plate 102. [b] Vredenhof, Paarl. The Front [Photo]

Hanson, N (Photographer)152
Plate 103. Vredenhof, Paarl. Measured Details (Measured at Paarl C.P. January 1928. Drawn by W. Gordon McIntosh July 1928)

McIntosh, W Gordon153
Plate 104. Nederburg. Klein Drakenstain (G. E .Pearse [? Indistinct] Mens. J. Fassler [? Indistinct] Delt)

Fassler, J154
Plate 105. Nederburg. Klein Drakenstain. Back Gable [Photo]

Hanson, N (Photographer)155
Plate 106. [a] Nederburg. Klein Drakenstain. [Photo]

Hanson, N (Photographer)156
Plate 106. [b] Nederburg. Klein Drakenstain. The Entrance Door [Photo]

Hanson, N (Photographer)156
Plate 107. Nederburg. Klein Drakenstain. Plaster Details (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE157
Plate 108. Nederburg. Klein Drakenstain. Joinery Details (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE158
Plate 109. Nederburg. Klein Drakenstain. Wall Cupboard (vide Plate 94) (G. E. P. Delt)

Pearse, GE159
Plate 110. [b] Tulbagh Church. The Main Gable (Drawn by J. Fassler from Measured Drawings by E. A. Elsworth)

Fassler, J160
Plate 110. [a] Tulbagh Church [Photo]

Elliot, Arthur (Photographer)161
Plate 111. Tulbagh Church. Interior [Photo]

Anonymous161
Plate 112. Internal doors and Details of Mouldings (J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J162
Plate 113. Escutcheon Plates (J. Fassler Delt)

Fassler, J163

Buildings linked to this book

Alphen, c1765, Constantia, Western Cape. pp 25, 26, 43, Plate 37,
Customs House, 1814, Central, Cape Town, Western Cape. pp 40, Plate 18, Plate 19
Elsenburg: Old Manor House restoration, n.d., Klapmuts, Western Cape. pp 26, 27, 46, 47, Bell Tower: Plates 85, 86; Front Plate 82, 83,; door at Groote Schuur: Plates 84, 85
Groot Constantia, 1792, Constantia, Cape Town, Western Cape. pp 21, 26, 42-44; Fig 34 (Plan); Plates 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44; Swimming Bath: Plates 52, 53
Groote Schuur, 1896, Cape Town, Western Cape. pp 1, 38, 47; Plates 10, 47, 65, 84, 85
Rust-en-Vreugd, 1777, Cape Town, Western Cape. pp 26, 41 plates 30-36

People or firms linked to this book

EATON, Norman Musgrave. pp Plates 21, 54, 55; (Mens) 58, 59, 61, 63
FASSLER, John. pp Plates 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 20 [b], 26, 27, 29, 31, 32, 34, 35, 37 [a], 39, 40, 41, 43, 45, 47, 48, 49, 51, 53, 57, 58, 59, 61, 63, 65 [b], 67, 71 [a], 79, 80 [b], 81 [b], 87 [b], 88, 89, 90, 95,98, 99 [b], 100, 101, 104, 110 [b], 112, 1
SCHUTTE, Herman. pp 32