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Book

Author:Kearney, Brian
Year:1973
Title:Architecture in Natal from 1824 1893
Place:Cape Town
Publisher:Balkema

"Among all the British colonies none had a finer architecture than Natal," says Dr R.B. Lewcock in his Foreword to this historical survey of architectural styles and building techniques in Natal — and he goes on to claim that this "serves as an excellent microcosm of conditions and achievements in the whole Victorian empire."

Brian Kearney has thoroughly exploited this rich material in a fine historical essay supported by many hundreds of unique illustrations.

What is known of early settler homes is followed by an account of the houses and public buildings of the early colonial period: wattle and daub walls, grass thatch, clay and cowdung floors, hipped roofs — and verandas.

"The advent of the veranda," says Kearney, "marks the transition in Natal from the Dutch to the English colonial tradition." There are detail descriptions of styles and practices of the British settlers (1849-56) and of the more ambitious development that followed (1856-79).

Kearney claims that it was not until the end of the century that a conscious desire developed for a Natal style of architecture, and he quotes Wallace Paton: "... the people want verandas, and they will have them; they sit on them in the daytime and they sleep on them at night. The problem our architects have to solve is the problem of the veranda, and its final evolution, as a thing of beauty ... will mean that we have at last a distinctive, or should it be provincial, style, which we can call our own."

Successive chapters deal with this unique development, with the work of P.M.Dudgeon, and with the Victorian heyday styles that characterised the end of the century.

The second part of this book covers: the character and planning of Natal towns; the influence of building techniques and materials on colonial architecture; and the professional status and problems of architects, surveyors and engineers.

The work is supported by over 500 illustrations: photographs, diagrams, plans, and old prints.

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Chapters/Entries in this book

Foreword

Lewcock, Ronald B0

Towns linked to this book

Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 39, 40, 59, 64, 170 (fig 300), 172 (fig 313)
Vryheid, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 52, 59, 206 (fig 423-425), 239 (fig 515), 240 (fig 516)

Buildings linked to this book

Bishop Jolivet, own residence, c1876, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 34
Blockhouse, Fort Durnford, 1874, Estcourt, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 39
Convent of the Holy Family, c1876, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 34, 142 ill
Court House - now Local History Museum, 1865, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 139
Court House and Post Office (now the Tatham Art Gallery), 1864, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 138 ill
Ebenezer Chapel, 1865, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 35, 145 fig 214, 215
Fort Amiel, 1878, Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 40
General Post Office, 1885, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 46, 50, 54, 55, 191 ill, 194 ill
Girls' Collegiate School, 1878, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 34, 142 fig 201
House Colenso, Bishopstowe, c1855, Bishopstowe, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 23-24, 115 ill
House Harwin: Sans Souci, 1883, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 44
Lighthouse, Bluff - Cooper Lighthouse, 1867, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 139 (ill.)
Mounted Police Barracks, 1878-1890, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 56, 220 (fig. 471,472)
Natal Government Railways Offices - KwaZulu Natal Tourist Offices, 1894, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 18
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, 1857-1861, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 29-30, 129 fig 155 ill, 130 fig 156 ill
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, 1893-94, Vryheid, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 52, 206 (fig 423-425)
Presbytery: St Mary's Church, c1876, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 34
St Charles Grammar School, 1876, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 43
St Mary's Church, Pietermaritzburg, original bldg, 1860, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 22, 25 (note 45a)
Timber Church for Ekukanyeni school, pre-1860, Bishopstowe, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 22, 112 ill
Town Hall, 1893 : 1917, Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal. pp 54, 212 ill, 213 ill

People or firms linked to this book

ALEXANDER, Frederick John. pp 34, 74, 142 fig 201
ARCHBELL, James. pp 35
COLENSO, John William. pp 19, 21, 22, 23-24
DURNFORD, Anthony William, (Lt.-Col). pp 39
FREEMAN, Charles AS. pp 22
GRAY, Sophia Wharton Myddleton (Sophy). pp
GREY, Sir George. pp 24-25
HIME, Sir Albert Henry. pp 55-56
JOLIVET, Charles Constant. pp 34, 36, 37, 45, 52
PATERSON, Peter. pp 32-34, 38, 39
SNELL, Charles R. pp
STREET-WILSON, William. pp
STREET-WILSON and BARR. pp
STREET-WILSON and FYFE. pp
SUTHERLAND, Peter Cormac. pp 74
WALKER, Robert. pp
WOODROW, Alan Clement C. pp