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Book

Author:Fisher, RC; Le Roux, SW & Maré, E (Eds)
Year:1998
Title:Architecture of the Transvaal
Place:Pretoria
Publisher:UNISA

Architecture of the Transvaal is a seminal collection of writings by twelve South African architectural critics, each knowledgeable in his or her field of interest, on the rich and diverse heritage of the built environment of the region. It also presents an overview of the architectural heritage of South Africa. Many of the high-quality black-and-white illustrations appear here for the first time.

The Transvaal, the name given to the region covered in these essays, in the history of the subcontinent is of short duration - a colonial invention - yet it does coincide with a geographic area straddling the Tropic of Capricorn, bound by the Vaal River to the south, the Limpopo River to the north, the Kalahari Desert to the west and Mozambique to the east. The area has a specific climate -temperate to hot summers with rains usually delivered in dramatic rolling thunderstorms, the winters warm and sunny and dry by day yet with night temperatures of around zero degrees Celsius and below with heavy frost. There is also a characteristic vegetation -tawny grasslands with bushveld scrub on the highveld changing to semi-arid desert in the west and subtropical humidity on the lowveld below the Drakensberg escarpment to the east.

It is also the geographic area from which most of the architectural students come, from which most of the architects of the region graduate - from the Universities of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria - and in which most of the graduates practise. While following international trends, the architecture of the region is distinctive, reflecting home-grown interpretations, responding to the particular circumstances of the region, be they cultural, ideological, political, pragmatic, climatic or merely convenient.

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Chapters/Entries in this book

onePre-lndustrial Architecture: Historical Patterns of Distribution

Frescura, Franco1
twoFrom Trekboer to Builder: Pioneer Builders: Materials, Techniques, Traditions, Types

Labuschagne, Elize25
threeKerkplaats and Capitalists: The First Architects in Context

Holm, Dieter55
fourThe Baker School: A Continuing Tradition 1902-1940

Keath, Michael79
fiveThe Transvaal Mosque: Towards a Theory of Precedent

Le Roux, Schalk99
sixThe Third Vernacular: Pretoria Regionalism — Aspects of an Emergence

Fisher, Roger C123
sevenPreparing for Apartheid: Pretoria and Johannesburg

Chipkin, Clive M149
eightHouses for Pretoria: An Appreciation of the Houses of the 1950s by Hellmut Stauch

Peters, Walter175
nineFrom Brazil to Pretoria: The Second Wave of the Modern Movement

Gerneke, Gus197
tenRevisions of the Modern: The End of the International Style in the Transvaal

Cooke, Julian231
elevenErecting Capital Icons: High-Rise Buildings in the Transvaal

Brittan, Philip & van Wyk, Gary253
twelvePhiladelphia - Pretoria: An Assessment of Louis Kahn's Influence

Maré, Estelle A279

Buildings linked to this book

Palace of Justice, 1898, Central, Pretoria, Gauteng. pp 54 ill, 65, 76 ill

People or firms linked to this book

McCUBBIN, David Aitken. pp 82, 86, 87