Fort England, including East Barracks - Later Lunatic Asylum, then Mental Hospital
James H (Lieut) RUTHERFORD: Architect
PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT of the CAPE COLONY: Architect
Located south-east of the centre of Grahamstown. In 1815 constructed of soft brick, the joinery coming from Uitenhage because of the local shortage of carpenters. At the time it was known as Witruggens or the East Barracks. The Rev Shaw held his first service in a room here in 1820. In 1825 it was enlarged, the new buildings designed by RUTHERFORD including a new mess room as extentions, done in strictly classical style. It was established as the Asylum for Grahamstown in 1875 and later as a hospital. Additional buildings were added in 1894 by J ARMSTRONG for the PWD.
All truncated references not fully cited below are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.
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