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Water Mill
Elim, Western Cape



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34°35'36.51" S 19°45'39.22" E Alt: 45m

This is the oldest extant water mill in working order and daily use in South Africa. The mill's original wooden machinery was replaced with iron machinery in 1881 manufactured by 'I ZIMMERMANN, DANZIG, DEUTSCHLAND'. Along with the entire Elim is was declared a National Monument in 1975 and is now a Provincial Heritage Site.

Writings about this entry

Fransen, Hans. 2004. The old buildings of the Cape. A survey of extant architecture from before c1910 in the area of Cape Town - Calvinia - Colesberg - Uitenhage. Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pg 449
Howard, Leslie & Phillips, Keith. 2004. Overberg tapestry. Helderberg: Keith Phillips Images. pg 49
Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pg 79 ill
Staples, Chester O. 2006. Mills of Southern Africa : water, wind and horse. Pretoria: Umdaus. pg 9, 36-37, 192, 205
Walton, James. 1974. Water-mills windmills and horse-mills of South Africa. Cape Town and Johannesburg: C Struik Publishers. pg 49