Ciskei Armed Forces Memorial
32°48'04.53" S 27°07'49.56" E Alt: 882m
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This granite memorial was erected adjacent to the Ntaba kaNdoda National Monument by Brigadier Oupa Gqozo to memorialise the Ciskeian soldiers, prison warders and police 'who died defending their fatherland' (i.e. the Ciskei).
The memorial symbolised the oppression of the bantustan government during the liberation struggle, and it has - perhaps not surprisingly - been badly vandalized. It used to have a rather poorly executed bust of a soldier on top.
Ref: Correspondence with Denver Webb: Historian
(William MARTINSON 2014)
Transcription of wording on name panel:
ELI LITYE LAMISWA UKUZE LINIKE
See also the National Monument of the Republic of Ciskei.
All truncated references not fully cited below are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.