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NZASM South-Eastern Line Railway Station
Heidelberg, Gauteng

People:

NZASM: Nederlandsche Zuid-Afrikaansche Spoorweg-Maatschappij: Architect
Victor Alexander Herman Claudius VAN LISSA: Design Architect
Antonie WESTENBERG: Engineer
DJ MERTENS: Contractor
SCHUITMAKER BROTHERS: Contractor

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Date:1894
Type:Station
Status:Extant


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26°30'26.80" S 28°22'02.40" E Alt: 1523m
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Declared a National Monument in 1975, devolved to a Provincial Heritage Resource in the Mpumalanga Province in 1999.

Opened on 10 October 1896.

Of the south-eastern line stations and their buildings the ones at Heidelberg, Standerton and Volksrust were the largest and most elaborate. Heidelberg and Standerton were already towns of some importance when they were reached by the railway, and thus their station buildings were designed to be in keeping with their status and also as a demonstration of NZASM prestige. Volksrust was important as a border station, and a settlement was slowly developing.

Heidelberg was one of the oldest and foremost of the ZAR's towns, and therefore more than the usual care went into the design of its station building. Hence one of the gems of NZASM architecture is to be found there, comparable to the equally imposing main buildings at Middelburg, Krugersdorp and Klerksdorp Stations.

Originally Heidelberg Station was to be established much further away from the town. However, representations were made to the government by the townspeople to bring the line nearer to Heidelberg, and as a result a whole section had to be re-surveyed, causing the line to form a considerable 'detour' at the town. The new premises for the station were then established on higher ground to the east of the town.

The Heidelberg station building was designed by the NZASM's architect and head of the drawing-office, V van LISSA, and built by the contracting firm of DJ MERTENS and the SCHUITMAKER BROTHERS during the period September 1894 - May 1895: Mertens and the Schuirmakers also had the contract for the construction of the other buildings along the Aansluiting-Heidelberg section of the line. It is interesting to note that the well-known architect of the ZAR period, WJ DE ZWAAN, was involved in some way or another with the design of the Heidelberg station building, as his name appears in some of the documents dealing with the construction of the Aansluiting-Heidelberg buildings.

Like those at Middelburg and Klerksdorp, the NZASM station building at Heidelberg is an attractive sandstone structure with a lean-to platform canopy and two ornate stepped gables, facing the platform and the station square respectively. To a large extent the gable on the town side resembles the one at Middelburg, while in its interior layout the building is almost identical to the ones at Krugersdorp and Klerksdorp. It once contained toilets, waiting-rooms, an entrance hall with an office, a luggage-room and living-quarters for the station-master and his assistant. As at Krugersdorp this residential section is distinguished by a lower roof and a fire wall. An unusual feature of the building, found at no other NZASM station building, is a commemorative stone laid on 24 September 1894 by Section Engineer A WESTENBERG.

Due to the deviation of the line at Heidelberg, a new station became operational in 1961. The old NZASM building fell into disuse, since it bordered on part of the curved deviation section which was eliminated. In 1969 some restoration work was done through the efforts of the Simon van de Stel Foundation, and further restoration was undertaken by the Rembrandt Group which acquired the old station premises in 1973 for the purpose of a transport museum. The building's future existence is now ensured, as it was declared a national monument in November 1975.

(De Jong et al, 1988: 185&187; Richardson, 2001: 191)

All truncated references not fully cited below are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

Writings about this entry

Bakker, Karel A, Clarke, Nicholas J & Fisher, Roger C. 2014. Eclectic ZA Wilhelmiens : A shared Dutch built heritage in South Africa. Pretoria: Visual Books. pg 127
De Jong, RC, Van der Waal, GM & Heydenrych, DH. 1988. NZASM 100 : 1887-1899, the buildings, steam engines and structures of the Netherlands South African Railway Company. Pretoria: C. Van Rensburg Publications on behalf of the Human Sciences Research Council. pg 185 & 187
Greig, Doreen. 1971. A Guide to Architecture in South Africa. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pg 129
Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pg 178
Rembrandt-Tabakvervaardigingskorporasie van Suid-Afrika. 1977. Gehalte bo alles : die verhaal van Rembrandt. [Not given]: Rembrandt-tabakvervaardigingskorporasie van S.A.. pg 46-47

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