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GARDINER, Kenneth Edward Frederick

Born: 1902 08 05
Died: 1976

Architect

SACA:
Reg No: 529
Year registered: 1929

Reg Prob RIBA (1922-3) Kenilworth, Cape; RIBA (1928); ARIBA (1928); TPIA (1929); ISAA (1929); FRIBA (1939).

KEF Gardiner was the son of FG GARDINER, Judge President of the Cape who also 'designed houses for fun' (AB&E Aug 1935:5 obit). He was educated at St Andrew's College, Grahamstown. Gardiner 'was one of the first students to benefit by the tuition afforded by the Cape School of Architecture, which later formed an integral part of the Michaelis School of Fine Art. He served his preliminary articles with WJ DELBRIDGE (AB&E Oct 1926:1, 11) around or before 1922/1923 and a registered probationer with the RIBA in Cape Town in 1922, while still with REID & DELBRIDGE. In about 1923 or 1924 Gardiner left for England to continue his studies at the Architectural Association in London. He sat the RIBA Intermediate examination in 1924 and in 1925 was a Tite finalist and a Rome finalist in 1926, the Architect, Builder & Engineer published Gardiner's Prix de Rome drawings in October 1926. In 1927 he sat the RIBA final examination, toured France and Italy and spent time in various offices, probably in London. During 1927 Gardiner prepared competition drawings for an as yet unidentified English competitor for the League of Nations Headquarters Building in Geneva.

A number of humorous verses and songs written by him during this period were published in the Architect, Builder & Engineer. About 1928 Gardiner returned to South Africa and set up practice in Johannesburg in partnership with WS PAYNE of Durban in 1929 (cf PAYNE & GARDINER). The partnership appears to have ended in about 1931 when Gardiner joined W REID in Johannesburg. On Reid's death in 1933 and at his request the name of the firm was to be continued as REID, GARDINER & MARTIN. However, the surviving partners, AR MARTIN and Gardiner, dissolved the partnership the same year. Gardiner continued to practise on his own account for several years in Johannesburg.

In 1935 he was associate architect with REID & MARTIN on the Roodepoort-Maraisburg town hall and offices. In 1937-8 he acted as resident architect for BURNET, TAIT & LORNE (London) for the erection of the Head Office of the Anglo-American Corporation, Main St, Johannesburg. He worked in collaboration with Francis LORNE who had come over to Johannesburg to carry out the job. In about 1937/1938 he entered into partnership with GS BARNETT in Krugersdorp (cf BARNETT & GARDINER). The partnership was dissolved in 1938.

Gardiner served with the South African Engineering Corps during the Second World War. In 1946 he visited America to study post-war developments in architecture.

From September 1948 Gardiner was in partnership with JS McFAYDEN (cf KEF GARDINER & McFADYEN) with whom he designed and built the Chamber of Mines Building in Johannesburg (1950-1954), in 1959 their address was 22 Beresford House, Main Street, Johannesburg. He died in the Cape. Not enough is yet known of this architect.

In 1935 he married Sheila Quin.

Submitted an entry for the Competition for the new Prime Minister's Residence - unplaced.

(AB&E May 1925:2; AB&E Oct 1926:1, 11; AB&E Oct 1927:1; AB&E Nov 1927:1,8-9; ARIBA nom papers (1928) 4189; CAD A2265 contains material on KEF Gardiner 1923-67, not consulted here; ISAA mem list; SAAR Dec 1929:146)

[SAWW information submitted by William MARTINSON]

All truncated references not fully cited in 'References' are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

Articles by GARDINER

Gardiner, KEF. 1969. A visit to the Old Fort, Johannesburg. Lantern. December 84-88

Books citing GARDINER

Brown, SM. 1969. Architects and others: an annotated list of people of South African interest appearing in the RIBA Journal 1880 1925. Johannesburg: Unpublished dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand. pp

Chipkin, Clive M. 1993. Johannesburg Style - Architecture & Society 1880s - 1960s. Cape Town: David Phillip. pp 126

ISAA. 1959. The Yearbook of the Institute of South African Architects and Chapter of SA Quantity Surveyors 1958-1959 : Die Jaarboek van die Instituut van Suid-Afrikaanse Argitekte en Tak van Suid-Afrikaanse Bourekenaars 1958-1959. Johannesburg: ISAA. pp 90, 184

ISAA. 1969. The Yearbook of the Institute of South African Architects and Chapter of SA Quantity Surveyors 1968-1969 : Die Jaarboek van die Instituut van Suid-Afrikaanse Argitekte en Tak van Suid-Afrikaanse Bourekenaars 1968-1969. Johannesburg: ISAA. pp 93, 118

SAWW & Ken Donaldson (Pty) Ltd. 1958. South African Who's Who 1958 : An illustrated biographical sketch book of South Africans with separate sections for the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, and South West Africa. Johannesburg: Ken Donaldson (Pty) Ltd. pp 255

SAWW & Wooten & Gibson. 1963. Who's Who of Southern Africa 1963. Johannesburg: Wooten & Gibson (Pty) Ltd. pp 316

SAWW & Gibson, PJ (Managing Editor). 1965. Who's Who of southern Africa 1965. Johannesburg: Combined Publishers. pp 335

Chapters in books by GARDINER

Gardiner, KEF. Christ the King, the Cathedral of: in 1971. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa [SESA] Volume 3 Cal-Dev: pp 216

Gardiner, KEF. MARTIENSSEN, Rex Distin: in 1972. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa [SESA] Volume 7 Lit-Mus: pp 225

Gardiner, KEF. Corner House, Old: in 1971. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa [SESA] Volume 3 Cal-Dev: pp 439

Gardiner, KEF. Buildings, tallest: in 1970. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa [SESA] Volume 2 Bad-Cal: pp 574