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SCHUTTE, Herman

Born: 1761 12 25
Died: 1844 10 25

Architect


Born in Bremen, Germany, Schutte served seven years apprenticed to an architect in Hanover before entering the service of the Dutch East India Company with whom he came to the Cape in 1790 - sources also state that he arrived in 1789 and that his profession was recorded as a sculptor. He has been subsequently described as an architect and builder. He worked mainly, it seems, as a public works contractor, often in association with LM THIBAULT and A ANREITH, executing a number of historic public buildings. After Thibault's death (1815) Schutte appears to have completed a number of works designed by Thibault. Among his works was his own house built in 1798 in Plein Street, Cape Town and he repaired the Kat Balcony at the Castle in about 1800. In 1800 he was named one of those who repaired the Government House and was responsible for building of the Goede Hoop Lodge in Cape Town, (1801-1803), designed by Thibault.

Probably around 1803 he worked on Rust en Vreugd in association with Thibault and Anreith and built Hanover House near the Castle for his own use. In 1809 he carried on the work on Thibault's alterations to the Slave Lodge, Cape Town. In 1813 he was appointed Government Sworn Surveyor and altered a warehouse in Simon's Town for use as a church and built a parsonage, both in 1813. The Public Record Office, London, has a letter from Sir John Cradock to the Secretary for the Colonies enclosing a drawing by Schutte for a classical church at Simon's Town dated 10 May 1813. By October 1814 he was working on new buildings at Government House, Newlands; he built the Public Library, Cape Town in 1820 and was appointed Inspector of Town Buildings the same year. He made estimates for the lighthouse at Green Point in 1820, approved by Governor Donkin and completed in 1823. It seems to have been after 1827 that Schutte worked as a designer, he and J SKIRROW making designs for St Andrew's Church, Cape Town in 1827, modified by HW REVELEY between 1827 and 1829. Skirrow and Schutte also designed the Dutch Reformed Church at George in 1826 and Schutte later designed the Nieuwe Kerk in Bree Street, Cape Town (1833-1834) and was the architect of the Groote Kerk, Cape Town (1836-40) where he was buried in 1841. His son HF SCHUTTE and grandson were also connected with the building profession. Anreith's drawings, of which there were about 270, passed into Schutte's care and were sold as part of the effects of Schutte's great-grandson, SOH SCHUTTE, in Cape Town in 1912.

(SAAR Nov 1933:264-75; SESA 5:167, 218)

All truncated references not fully cited in 'References' are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

Books citing SCHUTTE

De Bosdari, C. 1954. Anton Anreith : Africa's first sculptor. Cape Town: AA Balkema. pp 40-42

Fransen, Hans. 2004. The old buildings of the Cape. A survey of extant architecture from before c1910 in the area of Cape Town - Calvinia - Colesberg - Uitenhage. Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pp 32, 34, 78, 485

Greig, Doreen. 1971. A Guide to Architecture in South Africa. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pp 38, 41, 88, 92

Hartdegen, Paddy. 1988. Our building heritage : an illustrated history. South Africa: Ryll's Pub. Co. on behalf of the National Development Fund for the Building Industry. pp 60

HSRC. 1968. Dictionary of South African Biography Volume I. Cape Town: Tafelberg for The Human Sciences Research Council. pp 701-702

Kesting, DP. 1978. Afrikaans Protestantse kerkbou : erfenis en uitdaging. Port Elizabeth: Unpublished PhD. pp

Langham-Carter, RR. 1979. Nineteenth century architects etc. in the Western Cape. Cape Town: Unpublished MS, UCT Library. pp

Lewcock, Ronald. 1963. Early Nineteenth Century Architecture in South Africa : a study of the interaction of two cultures, 1795-1837. Cape Town: AA Balkema. pp 16, 26, 27n, 54n, 70, 76, 80, 210, 228-229, 238, 254, 265, 266, 281, 286-287, 352, 354, 355, 373-374, 376, 421, 444

Oberholster, JJ. 1972. The historical monuments of South Africa. Cape Town: Rembrandt Van Rijn Foundation for Culture at the request of the National Monuments Council. pp 10

Pearse, Geoffrey Eastcott. 1957. Eighteenth century architecture in South Africa. London: Batsford. pp 32

Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pp 19

Radford, D. 1979. The architecture of the Western Cape, 1838 1901. A study of the impact of Victorian aesthetics and technology on South African architecture. Johannesburg: Unpublished Ph.D thesis. Dept of Arch. University of the Witwatersrand. pp

Rennie, John for CPIA. 1978. The Buildings of Central Cape Town 1978. Volume Two : Catalogue. Cape Town: Cape Provincial Institute of Architects. pp

Richardson, Deidré. 2001. Historic Sites of South Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. pp 75

Walker, Michael. 2012. Early architects of Cape Town and their buildings (1820 - 1926) with postcard illustrations, The. St James: Michael Walker. pp 7-11

Chapters in books citing SCHUTTE

Schneewind, W. Cultural History Museum, South African: in 1971. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa [SESA] Volume 3 Cal-Dev: pp 524

Fassler, J. Fig. 32. The dolphin fountain [delt]: in 1957. Eighteenth century architecture in South Africa: pp 37

Fassler, J. Plate 11. Government House, Cape Town. Detail of facade (1798) [Reconstructed from the sketch of Herman Schutte 1798 by D. H. Schutte 1910 J. Fassler Delt]: in 1957. Eighteenth century architecture in South Africa: pp 61

Visagie, JC. Schutte, Herman: in 1968. Dictionary of South African Biography Volume I: pp 701