PACALT, Carl AugustBorn: 1773 10 07
Died: 1818 11 16
Was born in Germany and became a missionary of the London Missionary Society. He trained at the Janicke Institut in Berlin and Bogue's Institution, Gosport, Hampshire in England. Pacalt came to South Africa in 1810 and lived at Bethelsdorp until 1813. He was sent to Hoogekraal to act as a missionary to the chief, Dikkop, of the Outeniqua tribe. Pacalt built a temporary church but left instructions in his will that his money should be spent on the building of a new church at Hoogekraal (Hooge Kraal). The village was named Pacaltsdorp after his death and the Congregational Church, Pacaltsdorp, commenced in 1822 and built by local workers, may have been inspired by Pacalt, particularly as the strong, rough stone tower is reminiscent of English country churches. The windows are particularly fine examples of Gothic Revival wooden interlacings forming a series of overlapping Gothic arches. Lewcock (1963:280) states that it is 'the finest surviving early Gothic Revival building in South Africa ... this building has a frank directness ... a certain humble beauty, which is missing in many a more archaeologically accurate building'. Pacalt died at Hoogekraal, George, having spent his life devoted to the few remaining Khoekhoe, who, in turn, built the church.
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