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PACALT, Carl August

Born: 1773 10 07
Died: 1818 11 16

Missionary


Was born in Germany and became a missionary of the London Missionary Society. He trained at the Janicke Institut in Berlin and Bogue's Institution, Gosport, Hampshire in England. Pacalt came to South Africa in 1810 and lived at Bethelsdorp until 1813. He was sent to Hoogekraal to act as a missionary to the chief, Dikkop, of the Outeniqua tribe. Pacalt built a temporary church but left instructions in his will that his money should be spent on the building of a new church at Hoogekraal (Hooge Kraal). The village was named Pacaltsdorp after his death and the Congregational Church, Pacaltsdorp, commenced in 1822 and built by local workers, may have been inspired by Pacalt, particularly as the strong, rough stone tower is reminiscent of English country churches. The windows are particularly fine examples of Gothic Revival wooden interlacings forming a series of overlapping Gothic arches. Lewcock (1963:280) states that it is 'the finest surviving early Gothic Revival building in South Africa ... this building has a frank directness ... a certain humble beauty, which is missing in many a more archaeologically accurate building'. Pacalt died at Hoogekraal, George, having spent his life devoted to the few remaining Khoekhoe, who, in turn, built the church.

Books citing PACALT

Fransen, Hans. 2004. The old buildings of the Cape. A survey of extant architecture from before c1910 in the area of Cape Town - Calvinia - Colesberg - Uitenhage. Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pp 486

Fransen, Hans. 2006. Old towns and villages of the Cape. A survey of the origin and development of towns, villages and hamlets at the Cape of Good Hope. With particular reference to their physical planning and historical landscape. Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball. pp 143

Gutsche, Thelma. 1970. The Bishop's Lady. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pp 76

HSRC. 1977. Dictionary of South African Biography Volume III. Pretoria: Tafelberg for The Human Sciences Research Council. pp 671

Lewcock, Ronald. 1963. Early Nineteenth Century Architecture in South Africa : a study of the interaction of two cultures, 1795-1837. Cape Town: AA Balkema. pp 280

Potgieter, DJ (Editor-in-chief). 1973. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa [SESA] Volume 8 Mus-Pop. Cape Town: Nasou. pp 424

Richardson, Deidré. 2001. Historic Sites of South Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. pp 132

Chapters in books citing PACALT

Heese, JA. Pacalt, Carl August: in 1977. Dictionary of South African Biography Volume III: pp 671

Anonymous. PACALTSDORP: in 1973. Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa [SESA] Volume 8 Mus-Pop: pp 424